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ABF E-Buzz: September 2019

In This Issue:

Welcome to ABF E-Buzz

by Tim Tucker, ABF Past President and ABF E-Buzz Editor

September Days
The humming bird feeders
Are washed and on their winter shelf.
Mud daubers have done their work
Making a mess of everything.
The birds again flocked together
And pumpkins and gourds adorn the world.
Leaves and grass and the flower beds
All display their September age…...like me. - Tim Tucker

Welcome back!

I hope your summer is going well and your supers are requiring ladders to stack! I hear from some reports that it is going to be a good year for many and the best year in ten for some! And of course, it will be the best year ever for a few as well!

I found out a few weeks ago that a good friend, Liz Vaenoski, passed away. She was an awesome lady who many of us called our second mom. She was a wonderful lady. I am going to respect her wishes by not mentioning all she did for the beekeeping industry. She hated being given credit for anything she did. I have written a poem about her and hope to have it for an auction item during the ABF conference in January. I will miss her often!

I had a request from John Speckman for information regarding the testing for insecticides that might have caused a bee kill that wiped out a whole yard of bees. I had misplaced the information that I had, but with the help of Gene Brandi, I was able to get in contact with Roger Simonds at the Gastonia lab. Each test is $400, and there is a customer form to send that we will get up on the ABF website. Below is some information for you to utilize if you decide to use their services. It includes how to ship samples and other pertinent information. If you have any further questions, please call Roger at 704-833-1525.

Shipping Requirements:

  • Sample amount for wax or pollen is greater than or equal to 10 grams representative of the material of interest; or a pre-weighed minimum of 3.0 grams into a labeled and sealed 50 ml conical centrifuge tube. Some folks send whole frames which we cut out and homogenize and test a subsample of the whole frame. Or you can cut it out and send a larger, more representative sample size that we will homogenize and test.
  • Sample amount for bees is at least 10 grams. Bee samples must be frozen and sent in a cooler overnight. You can send a larger amount of bees for a representative sample and we can homogenize them.
  • Assign a unique identifier to each sample and all of the sample information on the attached sample information form, which is in a fillable Excel format.
  • Provide adequate packaging to insure the sample integrity. Double packaging is strongly suggested inside of a shipping package.
  • If the sample is considered perishable (i.e. bees), then package it in a cooler type container with ice packs or other acceptable means of refrigerating and ship overnight, when possible, to the address on the sample information form.
  • Place sample and test request information in a protective container to prevent damage or contamination during shipment.
  • Notify the laboratory of sample submittal at least 1 day in advance, preferably more if possible. If you have not sent the sample for testing, please complete the chain of custody form and send it in a zip-lock bag along with the sample.
  • Shipments of samples should arrive at the NSL Gastonia laboratory between the hours of 7 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday (except for federal holidays).

Turnaround Time:
Typically, our turnaround time is 10-20 business days (not counting federal holidays) depending on the number of samples received from the client in a shipment, laboratory sample load, priority provided by the client and other factors. A “Rush” fee may be assessed to applicable samples for which results are requested in <10 days when the laboratory has the resources available to provide expedited analytical testing services. Please provide a date on which results need to be reported.

This month, as always, we have some great information from our contributors. President Tim May has some information about the 2019 Mite-A-Thon which will take place September 7-21. Vice President Joan Gunter has information about ABF and AHPA submitting a joint letter of comment to the FDA regarding regulatory burdens associated with changes to the Nutrition Facts Label and Supplement Facts Label in reference to pure honey products.

Honey Queen Chair Anna Kettlewell has more about Liz Vaenoski and the long relationship they had together. Queen Hannah and Princess Nicole are eager for a busy National Honey Month and many fall promotions. Again, if you have fall promotions that these ladies can attend, please contact Anna to see about making arrangements for one of them to be there to promote honey and hive products.

Kids and Bees Director Sarah Red-Laird brings some great links for kids, and this month, it’s all about Squash and Bees! We also have lots of great articles for you to peruse in our Buzzmakers and, of course, another great recipe along with information from the National Honey Board. So, once again, I hope you find your time here well spent and that we can help inform and educate all of you interested in bees and beekeeping. If you have anything that you would like to see added to E-Buzz, please drop me a note at tuckerb@hit.net. Until next month, I wish you all the best of the bees!


President's Greeting

by Tim May, ABF President

I was able to attend the 46th Apimondia International Apicultural Congress in Montreal along with many other ABF members. It is quite an event, and I recommend it to all beekeepers at least once in their lifetime. I would like to thank the ABF members that helped work in the ABF booth during the event. We received a tremendous amount of interest in the ABF at the booth and registered quite a few new members. I would also like to give Debbie Sieb a special thank you for bringing up all of the ABF materials and coordinating the booth schedule.
The program was industry-based and would be of interest to all levels of beekeeping. The exhibit hall included vendors from all over the world along with countries showing off their beekeeping methods and the honey that they produce. Being able to have discussions with other beekeepers from around the world was fascinating.
If you like to eat and drink, Montreal is a great city. There are so many small restaurants and bars on St. Paul Street in the “Old Montreal” section of the city along with really interesting street musicians it makes for a great place to visit. The 47th Apimondia will take place in Ufa Russia in 2021.
In July the EPA dropped restrictions on highly toxic sulfoxaflor which will be used on about 190 million acres of cropland. Not only is this chemical toxic to honey bees at all life stages, but also other native bees and pollinators. Earthjustice filed a petition in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit on behalf of the Pollinator Stewardship Council and the ABF argues that the EPA decision is “contrary to federal law and is unsupported by substantial evidence” The petition also states that the agency relies too heavily on industry-based research.
I will keep you up to date as this situation evolves. I hope everyone had a great summer season. I am looking forward to seeing you all in Schaumburg, IL at the ABF 2020 Conference in January 8-11,2020.

Government Relations

by Joan Gunter, ABF Vice President

Tim May and I have been busy traveling this fall. Montreal was a close destination for Apimondia, so we made the trip. Thank you to all who attended in support of the ABF. We had a wonderful time in a beautiful city with tremendous people who have a dedicated interest in our industry. Life doesn’t get any better than that. A special thank you to -Debbie Seib- for going the extra mile to make things work.
Legislative News:
Fran Boyd and I have been working feverishly on the American Beekeeping Federation (ABF) comments on H2A notice of proposed rulemaking-Docket No. ETA 2019-0007. We have a draft that responds to the changes we want made in favor of migratory beekeepers as employers and are ready to send it in.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) is providing the opportunity to comment on the definition of agriculture commodity, a critical element of the agricultural exemption to the hours of service (HOS) rules for truck drivers. Several coalitions are working on this and have come up with a letter that supports the needs of agricultural drivers and drivers for our industry. ABF will support this endeavor.
ABF will be represented at several events in October. The Honeybee Health Coalition will hold it’s fall meeting in Portland, Oregon with George Hanson (Past ABF President) as our host. George will give a tour of his beekeeping operation as part of this meeting.
The National Honey Board will host their fall meeting in Denver, Colorado along with the Honey Summit. The meeting is a tremendous marketing tool for the Honey industry and is always well attended by beekeepers and all aspects of the honey industry.
North American Pollinator Protection Conference (NAPPC) and the Pollinator Partnership will hold it’s 19th Annual Conference in Washington, D.C. The NAPPC event is sponsored by the US Department of the Interior. The ABF has always enjoyed working with this group and hope to continue into the future.
Foundation News:
The Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees has been very busy this summer. Our current work is preparing for the annual conference and gathering applications from graduate students. We will be finalizing our results soon. I always look forward to meeting these new scholars and reading their ideas. Our future depends on these future researchers.

Project Apis m. and the National Honey Board Announce a Request for Research Proposals to Support and Enhance Honey Bee Health.

Salt Lake City, Utah, September 23, 2019 – Scientific research provides us with the foundation of knowledge we rely on in order to understand honey bee health threats and address them.

Project Apis m. and the National Honey Board are requesting research proposals to support and enhance honey bee health. Proposals will be accepted between September 23, 2019 and October 23, 2018. Please visit www.ProjectApism.org/rfps to view the full RFP.

In June, 2016 Project Apis m. (PAm) and the National Honey Board (NHB) announced that PAm would begin administering the NHB Production Research funds in 2017. This collaboration has streamlined efforts to support the beekeeping industry, by merging the NHB research funding opportunities with several other efforts coordinated by PAm. This collaboration allows opportunities to consider a broader spectrum of efforts linked to supporting the industry, to support collaborations and synergy, and harmonize and access deeper resources when necessary for projects that need larger time or money commitments. Merging efforts has also resulted in one less round of work for all of our hardworking bee researchers who write proposals, the scientific reviewers who read them, and selection committees and administrators who see these processes through.

The National Honey Board (NHB) is an industry-funded agriculture promotion group that educates consumers about the benefits and uses of honey and honey products. NHB research, marketing and promotional programs are funded by an assessment on domestic and imported honey and are designed to increase awareness and usage of honey by consumers, the foodservice industry and food manufacturers. For more information please visit www.honey.com.

Project Apis m. (PAm) is the largest non-governmental, non-profit honey bee research organization in the USA. Established by beekeepers and almond growers in 2006, PAm bridges industry needs with efforts by top researchers and scientists and has infused nearly $8 million into honey bee research to support and enhance honey bee health and pollination security. In addition to funding a variety of research projects, PAm programs supplement bee forage in agricultural landscapes, and PAm supports graduate students through scholarships to encourage their pursuit of science-based solutions to honey bee challenges. For more information please visit www.projectapism.org

2020 ABF Conference & Tradeshow:
Meet Dr. Jonathan Lundgren

Dr. Lundgren is an agroecologist, Director ECDYSIS Foundation, and CEO for Blue Dasher Farm. He received his PhD in Entomology from the University of Illinois in 2004, and was a top scientist with USDA-ARS for 11 years.

Lundgren’s research and education programs focus on assessing the ecological risk of pest management strategies and developing long-term solutions for regenerative food systems.

Lundgren received the Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering by the White House. Lundgren has served as an advisor for national grant panels and regulatory agencies on pesticide and GM crop risk assessments. Lundgren has written 107 peer-reviewed journal articles, authored the book “Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-prey Foods”, and has received more than $3.4 million in grants. He has trained 5 post-docs and 12 graduate students from around the world. One of his priorities is to make science applicable to end-users, and he regularly interacts with the public and farmers regarding pest and farm management and insect biology. Lundgren’s research and education programs focus on assessing the ecological risk of pest management strategies and developing long-term solutions for sustainable food systems. His ecological research focuses heavily on conserving healthy biological communities within agroecosystems by reducing disturbance and increasing biodiversity within cropland.

The planet is losing biodiversity at an alarming rate, and pollinators are an indicator of this loss and its implications. Agroecosystems currently occupy 35% of the terrestrial land surface of our planet, and decisions made on farms have important implications for the health of biological communities. We can solve the biodiversity crisis and the bee problem, but only if we focus on reforming food production systems along ecological principles. This requires involving farmers as actors of change.

Dr. Lundgren will...

Early-bird Registration Is Going on Now!

Archived Webinar of the Month:
Fall (For Winter) Management

Presented by: Dr. Roger Hoopingarner, Professor Emeritus, Michigan State University


By following the natural behavior of the honey bee colony, a beekeeper can prepare his colony to better survive winter. All the tips and tricks that help a colony survive the long, cold winter.
Dr. Roger Hoopingarner, Professor Emeritus, Michigan State University, got his start in beekeeping as a boy scout over 65 years ago. With that interest he went on to receive his B.S. degree from Michigan State University in Entomology and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His doctoral research was on the genetics and environmental factors in queen rearing.
After a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Wisconsin, he joined the faculty at Michigan State University's Entomology Department where he remained doing research, teaching and extension in insect physiology and apiculture for 38 years. His research interests involved fruit pollination, disease transmission, population dynamics and insecticide interactions with insects and animals.

Click Here to Download the Webinar!


Kids and Bees

by: Sarah Red-Laird

School is back in session, and planning is well underway for the “Kids and Bees” event at the American Beekeeping Federation Conference and Tradeshow January 8-11, 2020. If you are attending and taking little ones along, this event is designed just for them. Please bring them to this event so they can learn, explore and have fun.

If you have some time, bee knowledge, and a few smiles to lend, we would love to have you as a volunteer.

This no-charge event has been a tradition with the ABF conference for over 20 years and is a “don’t miss” opportunity, as we travel to different states every year. This program allows local elementary-aged classrooms and homeschool groups to be welcomed to the Renaissance Schaumburg Convention Center Hotel, in Schaumburg, Illinois, January 10th from 9:00 to noon, to participate in the “Kids and Bees” program.

Kids and their teachers or parents can expect a room full of hands-on exhibits under the themes of, “The Art of Beekeeping,” “The Science of Beekeeping,” “The World of Beekeeping” and “The Future of Bees: It’s Up to You!” Favorites such as beeswax candle rolling, bee finger puppet making, and hive displays will be there. The highlights this year will be face painting, a photo booth with costumes and an ultraviolet “Bee View” demonstration. Students will make their way through each station, engaging with beekeepers and Honey Queens from around the US and activities that will harness their senses and imaginations.

We will have about 25 stations/exhibits set up in a large room. About 500 kids and their parents and teachers will come through the exhibits. I am looking for about fifty volunteers to host the stations. The stations need 2-4 volunteers each and include face painting, honey tasting, pollination, habitat, microscopes, arts & crafts and more. We have such a wonderful time on Friday morning, and it’s truly a highlight of the conference for many attendees!

Click here to learn more about the event and register your kids: https://kidsandbees2020.eventbrite.com

Click here to join our Facebook event page for the latest updates: https://www.facebook.com/events/523513448189103

If you would like to sign up as a volunteer, contact us at thehive@beegirl.org or 541-709-1127.

Honey Creates Sweet Options for Breakfast on the Go

As we transition back into our school-year routines, honey is proving to be a popular ingredient in ready-to-eat breakfast items. There’s a multitude of reasons for this shift – honey’s natural energy, unique flavor or functional benefits – but one thing is clear, honey creates a buzz at breakfast!

When you’re having a busy morning, go for one of these outstanding made-with-honey, grab-and-go breakfast food choices. Find them on store shelves near you!

Brittle Thins with Honey, Wholesome
These crispy, crunchy, superfood brittles are full of nuts, seeds and honey. You can grab a bag of Honey Roasted Nuts, Dark Chocolate Almond Sea Salt or Caramel Almond. Yum, yum!

Toasted Honey Nut Vanilla Cold Press Coffee, Big Watt Coffee
This smooth, creamy cold press coffee is meant to be enjoyed everywhere, anytime. The company’s Toasted Honey Nut Vanilla Cold Press Coffee combines toasted almonds with vanilla and honey for a sweet drink.

Honey Water Buffalo Yogurt, Annabella Creamery
This yogurt is an entirely different animal! Each yogurt cup is free of hormones, preservatives and additives and made with Water Buffalo milk. Spoon up the goodness!

Fruit & Oat Bars Sweetened with Honey, Nomi
These refrigerated bars made with oats, fruit and “Sweetened with Honey.” Each bar has simple, easy-to-read ingredients with an incredibly soft texture that never dries. Grab one of their sweet flavors like Strawberry Chocolate Chip, Blueberry Chia or Pumpkin Carrot Pecan!

Honey Whole Wheat, Inked Organics
This natural, earthy, totally delicious honey whole wheat bread is the bee’s knees! With 5g of protein and 3g of fiber per serving, just one slice, toasted, and you’ll be in love!

We look forward to seeing how honey continues to impact the ready-to-eat breakfast category.



Hirono, Senate Democrats Press USDA to Justify Critical Honeybee Data Gaps

by:Hirono, Senate Democrats Press USDA to Justify Critical Honeybee Data Gaps

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Senator Mazie K. Hirono (D-Hawaii) and 22 Senate Democrats wrote to Sonny Perdue, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, expressing concerns over the Department’s National Agricultural Statistics Service’s (NASS) decision to reduce or even suspend the collection of honeybee data across the nation.

“In July NASS announced that it would suspend the collection of quarterly data for the annual Honey Bee Colonies report. The Honey Bee Colonies report, first published in 2016, is the only national survey tracking honeybee loss that is overseen by the federal government. It not only provides key data to beekeepers, the honey industry, and farmers whose crops rely on honeybees for pollination but also helps to guide honeybee management decisions and identifies colony health stressors. USDA’s recent announcement that it would resume the Colony Loss Survey, following a one-quarter suspension, to inform the Honey Bee Colonies report is welcome news. However, USDA’s prior actions to suspend or scale back the collection of additional honeybee data remains a concern,” the Senators wrote.

The Senators’ efforts are supported by national groups such as the American Honey Producers Association and the American Beekeeping Federation. Local support includes Big Island Bees, an apiary on Hawaii Island that Senator Hirono visited last month to learn more about the importance of honeybee production in Hawaii.

“The NASS reports on colony numbers, honey production and pollination contracts are foundational data reports upon which the industry, academia and government agencies base decisions. Without these reports, we can only regress in our understanding of what is happening to the health and vitality of America’s honey bees and America’s beekeeping operations,” said Eric Silva, Federal Policy Counsel, American Honey Producers Association. “As an industry, we need more not less data if we hope to arrive at better solutions for ensuring that honey bees stay alive and thrive to produce high quality honey and pollinate $20 billion in specialty crops annually.”

“The American Beekeeping Federation is in full support of USDA’s decision to resume the NASS on the health of managed honey bees,” said Tim May, President of the American Beekeeping Federation and commercial beekeeper. “Honey bees are so important to our country’s agriculture and with their continued declining health it is imperative that the USDA continue to monitor colony health regularly it is critical to the future of U.S. agriculture production.”

"Data collection has saved our operation. Without an understanding of the issues we face, we would be left out in the dark on how to best keep our bees alive. Information provided in USDA reports and surveys allows researchers to develop methods that allow us to maintain healthy colonies,” said Garnett Puett, Big Island Bees co-owner and beekeeper. “The more data we have, the better our ability to protect honeybees here in the U.S. and across the globe.”

The Senators also requested the following information related to the decision to limit fiscal and program resources:
- The Fiscal Year 2019 funding amount that Congress provided NASS to collect information for the Cost of Pollination Survey and the Honey survey.
- The amount of money that remained in the budget for the aforementioned surveys at the time that NASS announced the decisions to suspend or scale back each of these surveys.
- The cost savings incurred by NASS to scale back or suspend these surveys.
- The current location of the cost savings incurred because of these decisions.

Joining Senator Hirono on the letter to Secretary Perdue are U.S. Senators Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), Ben Cardin (D-Md.), Tom Carper (D-Del.), Chris Coons (D-Del.), Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.), Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), Angus King (I-Maine), Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), Jack Reed (D-R.I), Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), Tina Smith (D-Minn.), Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.), Jon Tester (D-Mont.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.)

The full text of the letter to Secretary Perdue is available here and below:

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Honey Queen Buzz

by Anna Kettlewell, American Honey Queen Program Chair

Happy National Honey Month!

Your American Honey Queen and Princess promoted the best gift from the hive all month in 10 states throughout September! What kick-starting month for honey promotions. The Queens’ travels took them from coast to coast, from fairs and festivals to television stations and schools.

Fairs and honey festivals are two things that make September so special and memorable for the American Honey Queen Program each year. Queen Hannah and Princess Nicole promoted at the Minnesota and Maryland State Fairs over the busy Labor Day weekend. They continued on after the holiday to the Lithopolis Honey Fest outside Columbus, Ohio, and to the Los Angeles County Fair in California. Hannah used her beekeeping skills during her visit to Ohio, giving open hive demonstrations and participating in a bee beard demonstration during the festival. Nicole had the unique opportunity to put her Spanish language skills to excellent promotional use at the Los Angeles County Fair, reaching thousands of consumers through this skill! The Queens’ crisscrossed the country, next putting Nicole in the Midwest, promoting in Iowa throughout the Dubuque area and at the Plagman Barn Festival, and having Hannah visit northern California for the Palo Cedro Honey Bee Festival and many community visits in the Redding area.

The end of the month focused primarily on educational presentations in schools, civic organizations, and local beekeeping meetings. Fall months are a great time of year to present in schools, as many students are learning about ecosystems, insects, pollination and many other topics this time of year. School visits abounded for Hannah and Nicole in Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia and New Jersey at the end of the month. Consider inviting the American Honey Queen or Princess to speak at your local beekeeping organization meeting in the fall months, like Hannah did during her recent visit to Virginia. Beyond the beekeeping meeting, the queen and princess can visit venues and media outlets in your region, expanding the promotional value of her visit! Contact me for more details on how to coordinate such a trip!

Finally, the month of September closed out with another fair visit, kick starting the fall fair schedule. Hannah visited the Fryeburg Fair in Maine. Despite cooler weather, this fair offers a wide variety of promotional opportunities, particularly working with 4-H participants. Be sure to check out the American Honey Queen Program’s Facebook page for more details about these events and the many more to come over these next several months!

It’s not too late to coordinate a visit from Queen Hannah or Princess Nicole this year! Contact me if you have events or ideas for promotions in your area! They are eager and willing to promote our sweet products throughout the country! Contact me at honeyqueen99@hotmail.com or 414-545-5514 with your promotional ideas! Happy promoting! 

Buzzmakers: Beekeeping Industry News

Bees are dying at an alarming rate. Amster Yeahdam may have the answer.

Scientists Warn of Insect 'Armageddon' After Dramatic Drop in Populations

Diesel exhaust pollution may disrupt honeybee foragingt

A Hive of Research and Education

Researchers discover how honey bees 'telescope' their abdomens Entomological Society of America

The buzz on bees in the Brazos Valley From the Brazos 360, Fall 2019 series

ABF Welcomes New Members

Nathan Davis, Ohio
Steve Lomison, New York
Elise Smith, Tennessee
Juston Hill, Illinois
Justin Kay, North Carolina
Andrey Lifshiz, Georgia
James Shelton, Tennessee
Walt Olson, Oregon
Ryan Flug, Iowa
Rebecca Fain, Oregon
Michael Bogart, North Carolina
Nancy K. Thorne, Pennsylvania
Ayla Guild, Wisconsin
Jorge Garibay, Kansas
Ken Seng, Illinois
Bonnie Mobley, Illinois
Keith Kusler, Washington
John Federoff, Pennsylvania
William Parker, Kentucky
Lee Ann Rosine, Missouri
Dan Neumann, Colorado
Jimmy Bell, Texas
Ron McGlothlin, Ohio
Mike Nelson, Hawaii
Stu Farnham, Washington
Christine Angelica, California
Kristi Cook, Arkansas 
Oscar Escobar, Florida
Robert Betz, New York
Lisa Horine, Florida
Jeremy Zumalt, California
Leslie Judice, New Hampshire
Gary George, Missouri 
Timothy Moran, South Dakota
James Evans, North Carolina
Amber Zirges, Texas
Willis Lamb, Maine
Christina Fraser, Pennsylvania
Ron Moro, Pennsylvania
Russell Blair, New Jersey

Recipe of the Month:
Honey Roasted Peaches

From: In The News


- 3 large ripe peaches — halved and pitted
- 1/4 cup raw honey, or pure maple syrup
- 1 vanilla bean; seed
- 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
- 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
a pinch of sea salt

Optional topping ideas: Greek or coconut yogurt, Whipped coconut cream, chopped walnuts, chopped pecans, granola, fresh mint leaves etc.


Step 1: Preheat your oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit.
Step 2: In a small bowl, whisk honey, freshly scraped vanilla seeds, cinnamon, clove, and sea salt.
Step 3: Place your halved peaches cut side up into a baking dish that’s just big enough to fit them all, as shown.
Step 4: Spoon your syrup or honey on top of the peaches, making sure they all get coated.
Step 5: Bake peaches in your preheated oven, uncovered, for 25-30 minutes, or until golden and tender.

Add your favorite toppings and enjoy!