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ABF E-Buzz: January 2014
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ABF E-Buzz — January 2014

In This Issue:







Welcome to ABF E-Buzz

by Tim Tucker, ABF Vice President and ABF E-Buzz Editor 

In January in Duhallow the old fields looking bare
With the harsh chill of Winter in the cold Morning air
And at least eight long weeks till the first breath of Spring
When Nature will bloom and her wild birds will sing. 

Francis Duggan

Welcome back to ABF E-Buzz!

We've turned the page on another year and the sun is crawling higher in the sky and steadily increasing the length of the day.  I like this much better and I know the bees do as well. We've been out looking at a few bees the past couple of days, and they are looking pretty healthy for the most part. I'm hoping for a better winter than any of the past three or four, with losses below 10%. We are keeping our fingers crossed!  Many of our bees are light already, so feeding is a must; we have patties on to keep pollen available until our maples start blooming, which is around the first of February, which won't be long now. 

I've had two reports from others of colonies dying in the past few weeks.  The colonies have good numbers present and are sitting on lots of honey – I have found a few of these. I am going to tear into it to see myself, but I'm not sure I have any good answers as to why colonies die so quickly when honey stores are available. We have had two very quick cold snaps where our temperatures have gone from near 70 degrees to subzero temps within 48 hours and I know this stresses our bees.  But, I'm not sure if this shock could actually do the bees in.  If you have any good theories about this, let me know what you think may be the answer. I'm still looking into it and hope to come to some good conclusions. One of the fellows that called me had several in one yard that all look like this, and they all were still heavy with honey stores.   

We had a great conference in Baton Rouge this month. Over 650 beekeeping people gathered together for a good week of networking and learning.  They learned more about bees, honey and marketing honey and hive products. Our trip to the bee lab in Baton Rouge was the best! We got to see the USDA facility and explore what they are doing in regard to breeding for hygienic bees that will better survive the problematic varroa mites. We did have to deal with the Polar Vortex during the trip, with a high only around 40 degrees, and there was a freeze for two nights that killed a lot of plants that likely had been okay outside there for many years. It seems like when we travel to these locations in the south for our conferences, we always bring along a bit of cold weather-we had freezing temperatures in Orlando a few years ago as well.  

This year our move to a new program was welcomed by those who responded through our conference evaluation sheets. Instead of having just a serious sideliner and a general session track as in years past, we developed a four track session on Friday and added a Beginning Beekeeper, Commercial and Research track. This program expanded the focus beyond serious sideliner issues, and we think it was a successful first attempt at expanding our program. Our conference committee did a great job of lining up great speakers for all of the sessions. For those of you who attended who could not get to all of the sessions, we have most of them recorded and will be posting them to the webpage for the 2014 Baton Rouge conference on our website in the next few weeks. We did have problems with The Belle of Baton Rouge being below standard, and if you had issues with your rooms and didn't let ABF staff member Tara Zeravsky  or I know, please give us a call. We apologize for any issues you may have encountered with your accommodations.

An important issue addressed at this conference was a proposal submitted by the Apimondia committee to the ABF Board to get the board's approval for the committee to bid for the 2019 Apimondia here in the United States. The bid would take place in front of the delegates at the 2015 Apimondia in Korea. The proposal was approved, and the committee is working on selecting a host city. The cities under consideration are Minneapolis, Minnesota, Washington, D.C. and Orlando, Florida. This proposal, if effective, will involve hosting the international conference in 2019 in one of the selected cities. Apimondia has not been held in the United States in almost 50 years and there is a lot of interest by beekeepers around the world to hold the program here. It will be a massive project that may involve as many as 8,000 to 10,000 people traveling here for a week of sessions and side trips to visit attractions and participate in bee-related activities. It will be a huge undertaking for our industry to successfully compete for the conference and put it on five years from now.    

Quilt raffle

The Kids and Bees Program was a big success and Sarah Red-Laird has a great report on the program, which came off in spite of some initial problems. Most of the materials that were shipped were refused by the receiving agent and were put on planes back to Sarah's home in Oregon. Thankfully, she was able to get them redirected back to Baton Rouge and, after two trips to the airport, got both of her shipping totes just in the nick of time.   

Well, thanks again for spending some of your day with us. We always invite your comments or input into the ABF E-Buzz. If you have a story about a beekeeper, or special events in your area, let us know. We are always happy to help bring notice to your state or local events. Bee a part of ABF E-Buzz and send us your newsworthy items.  My e-mail is tuckerb@hit.net and you can drop me an e-mail anytime. We also said goodbye to our Honey Queen Carolyn Adams and Honey Princess Emily Campbell during our banquet on Saturday night. For 2014, we welcome a couple of new young ladies, Honey Queen Susannah Austin and Honey Princess Elena Hoffman.  Anna Kettlewell will introduce you to them in her article. There was some stiff competition this year and the girls were all very talented and very informed about bees. During the week, raffle tickets were sold for a beautiful quilt, which was won by Brent Barkman of Barkman Honey Company; it was absolutely beautiful!  I guess I just didn't  buy enough tickets.   We are now starting to plan for the 2015 North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow, which, I am happy to announce, will be held at Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim, California. Mark your schedules for January 7 -10, 2015, and let's see what Mickey will be up to then. It is going to be a "magical meeting."

Bee There: ABF Annual Conference in Baton Rouge – More Highlights of the Conference

by Regina K. Robuck, ABF Executive Director

Baton Rouge played host to our 2014 North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow.  Although the Polar Vortex did play some part in delayed flights and lost luggage, over 650 attendees gathered for a week of education, networking and fun.  Check out some more of the highlights from the week below:
2014 Annual Conference Sponsors.  The ABF would like to thank its many sponsors that donated heavily to making the conference such a special occasion.  Our Platinum sponsors were Dadant and Mann Lake, who are always there to lead the way for sponsoring much of our tradeshow and events.  Many thanks to our Silver Sponsors, Hummerbee and Pierco and our Bronze Sponsors Barkman Honey, bee care, Beekeeping Insurance Services, Global Patties, Kona Queens, Microscope.com, and Merrimack Valley Apiaries. We would like to thank Beekeeping Insurance Services sponsored our name badge lanyards and Mann Lake sponsored the conference bags. The week was kicked off with a welcome reception in the tradeshow that was sponsored by Grant & Eisenhofer and Hausfeld, LLP. We would also like to thank our break sponsors Gamber, Hummerbee, and Medivet for wonderful coffee breaks and Bowerman Insurance, Burleson's Honey, and Sioux Honey for their support and sponsorship of other breaks. Your continued support of the beekeeping industry is greatly appreciated. 
2014 American Honey Show.  Mary Kettlewell, Honey Show Committee Chair, reported there were 70 entries in the show and the competition was tough.  Of course that's what we expect from our North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow attendees. A big congratulation to our "Best of Show" honey entry from Carmen Conrad of Canal Winchester, Ohio. Their Extra White Honey was really a premium honey that I am sure demanded a great deal of preparation and care to meet the tough grading guidelines for the Best of Show designation.  The "Best of Show-Related Items" went to Judy Schmaltz of Clarkston, Michigan for her beautiful artistic beeswax candles. The variety of honey products included was impressive.  All of the entries were then auctioned to benefit the American Honey Queen Program.  Congratulations to all the winners!  Click here to view the complete list of the 2014 American Honey Show winning entries.  Also, special thanks to our many 2014 American Honey Show sponsors.
Foundation Luncheon.  Seventy attendees were present at the Foundation luncheon to have a nice lunch, fellowship, and celebrate the Foundation Scholarship recipients and the Founder's Award.  This year's five Foundation Scholarship recipients represented various levels of study and interest and were excited to come to the ABF conference to meet fellow researchers and beekeepers.  The recipients were:  
  • Katy Evans – Master's student at University of Delaware
  • Maria Kirrane – PhD student at University College Cork in Ireland
  • Ian Lane – Master's student at University of Minnesota
  • Megan Taylor – PhD student at Washington State University 
  • Ellen Topitzhofer – Master's student at Oregon State University
The recipients received a $2,000 scholarship grant from the Foundation to continue with their course of study. The Founder's Award came as a complete surprise to this year's recipient, David E. Hackenberg, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.  The Foundation unanimously agreed that David was the right choice this year.  David received this award for his many outstanding contributions to apiculture education and research. 

2013 and 2014 American 
Honey Queens and Princesses

2014 ABF Elections.  Elections were held during the annual conference, the results of which are as follows.  Representing the State Delegates Assembly are Davey Hackenberg, of Milton, Pennsylvania, Patty Sundberg, of Columbus, Montana, both elected for their second term and Jessie Brown, of Albuquerque, New Mexico, her first term. Kevin Jensen, of Flasher, North Dakota, was elected to the Commercial Beekeepers SIG for his first term. Jonathan Millet, of Greenleaf, Idaho, was elected for his first term on the Package Bee & Queen Breeders SIG.  Tim May, of Harvard, Illinois, was elected for his first term on Honey Producers-Packer SIG.  Steve Repasky, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was elected to the Small Scale-Sideliner SIG for his first term.  Congratulations to these individuals and we hope that they will bring a great deal of new ideas, insight, and experience to the ABF.  Tim Tucker, of Niotaze, Kansas, was elected as your new president and we are also excited to have Gene Brandi, of Los Banos, California, as your new vice president.   
Annual Banquet.  Close to 200 conference attendees came together for Saturday evening to celebrate the week and honor those among its ranks.  During the banquet the ABF announced this year's recipient of the ABF President's Award – Dr. Marion Ellis, of Lincoln, Nebraska,  in recognition of his outstanding and significant contributions to the American Beekeeping Federation and the U.S. beekeeping and honey industry.  Peter Berthelsen, of Elba, Nebraska, was recognized as the recipient of the Hoopergarner Award.  
The ABF also bid a fond farewell to the 2013 American Honey Queen, Carolina Adams, and 2013 American Honey Princess, Emily Campbell.  In their place the ABF welcomed the 2014 American Honey Queen, Susannah Austin, of Orlando, Florida, and 2014 American Honey Princess, Elena Hoffman, of Millmony, Pennsylvania. Congratulations ladies! We also said thank you to George Hansen for his two years of serving as our ABF president.  George received a gavel plaque and a wildlife motion camera, so he can now see what really goes on at the hives.   

Bee Educated: ABF's 2013 Series "Conversation with a Beekeeper" Webinars Available Online

Have you missed out on any or all of the great webinars we have hosted over the past year?  Good news!  All of the ABF's "Conversation with a Beekeeper" webinars are archived on the ABF website and you can easily access them at your convenience.  You can catch up on the following sessions: 

  • Dr. Marion Ellis – Diseases of Honey Bee Part Two
  • Dr. Roger Hoopingarner – Beekeeping 101 Series
  • Blake Shook – Expanding from Small Scale to Sideliner
  • Environmental Protection Agency Series

Most sessions are uploaded to the website within the next day or two after the live presentation, so the page is updated at least one a month with new sessions.  Click here to access the sessions.  Scroll down to the "Archived Sessions" section and choose the session you would like to listen to.  

You will need to log into your account to access the sessions.  If you don't remember your username or password, contact Jon Magee, ABF membership coordinator.

Don't miss the upcoming 2014 season.  The ABF Education Committee is busy creating great sessions and speakers for the New Year.   

Science Buzz

A "House Moment" in a Bee Lab Continued: Making the Connection 
Posted: 22 Jan 2014 02:00 AM PST

Remember our recent report concerning pesticides? I used a chemical reference database to go through the list and see if I could find any that were lipid-soluble. While many pesticides I looked at were not lipid-soluble, the four chemicals implicated in increasing honey bee vulnerability of Nosema infection in the study above are lipid-soluble. The clearest example is with the fungicide chlorothalonil due to the molecule's relatively simple chemical structure. The aromatic ring makes the chemical lipid-soluble and the four chlorines make the molecule stable in the environment. Not to offend any honey bees reading our blog, but honey bees have fat! Ya'll wear it well though. Aggregations of fatty tissues called fat bodies on the inner surfaces of their abdomens to be more exact. I was not able to find any good pictures of honey bee fat bodies online, but I did find a good picture of fat bodies in the stingless bee Scaptotrigona postica seen in the picture to the right.

An article on honey bee anatomy titled "Standard methods for Apis mellifera anatomy and dissection" published in the Journal of Apiculture Research says fat bodies are most prominent and abundant in larvae, young bees, non-foraging bees, winter brood honey bees, and queens (Carreck et al 2013). 


Honey bees experience rapid reductions in fat tissue volume. Honey bee fat bodies are metabolized for energy during periods of food scarcity, during winter hibernation, and during development. Because developing bees, queens, and winter brood bees have more prominent fat bodies, and because these groups are often more vulnerable to extraneous factors effecting their health, it's possible the metabolism of fat tissue and release of any fat-soluble chemicals could more likely harm these groups compared to others. Winter bees for instance don't defecate for the entirety of their hibernation and may have reduced toxin-clearing system function. If colonies are already weakened by food scarcity, extreme cold, or pathogen infection, honeybee health could be further diminished by toxic chemicals, lowering immune system function and possibly increasing likelihood of pathogenic infection.

Bee abdomen

My focus next semester will be to find a way to isolate honey bee fat bodies and layout appropriate experiment methodology to test for the presence of pesticides and other potentially toxic synthetic compounds. I'm curious to see whether we find any of the four pesticides implicated in increasing chances of Nosema infection in previous research, and at what concentrations. It would also be interesting to test for common impurities and toxic byproducts of these and other chemicals, because sometimes an unstable chemical can degrade to a substantially more toxic chemical in the environment. Looking forward to an exciting new year working in the lab and learning much more about factors affecting honey bee health, how to prevent losses, and how to improve bee health.

This post was written by Todd Waters, an undergraduate intern in our lab. 


CARRECK, N L; ANDREE, M; BRENT, C S; COX-FOSTER, D; DADE, H A; ELLIS, J D; HATJINA, F; VANENGELSDORP, D (2013) Standard methods for Apis mellifera anatomy and dissection. In V Dietemann; J D Ellis; P Neumann (Eds) The COLOSS BEEBOOK, Volume I: standard methods for Apis mellifera research. Journal of Apicultural Research 52(4): http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.

Cruz, Landim C., and Reginato R.D. (1999) Preliminar Report on the Presence of Tegumentar Glands in the Thorax of Meliponinae Bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 59(1): 167-172. Web. 6 Jan 2014.

Pettis JS, Lichtenberg EM, Andree M, Stitzinger J, Rose R, et al. (2013) Crop Pollination Exposes Honey Bees to Pesticides Which Alters Their Susceptibility to the Gut Pathogen Nosema ceranae. PLoSONE 8(7): e70182. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070182. Web. 2 Dec 2013

Bee Updated: Latest and Greatest News from the National Honey Board 

Energize Your New Year with Honey!

It's the beginning of a brand new year and we're sure most of you have been thinking about your goals for 2014. Whether you want to make better choices for your overall well-being, experience something new or spend more time with loved ones, the New Year is a great time for a fresh start.
We know that with the new goals and aspirations for 2014, you may need a little extra energy to get the job done. Honey provides quick energy and is a source of carbohydrates. At approximately 17 grams of carbohydrates and 64 calories per tablespoon, it is ideal for a quick pick-me-up since carbohydrates are the primary fuel the body uses for energy. We know life can be busy, so we wanted to create recipes that can give you a little extra energy when you need it. With that in mind, the National Honey Board has created many wonderful honey-inspired recipes. 
We wish you all the best in 2014!     

Honey Queen Buzz: 2014 American Honey Queen and Princess Crowned

by Anna Kettlewell, American Honey Queen Program Chair

Queen Susannah at the
honey auction

Greetings fellow beekeepers! The ABF conference in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, is officially in the history books, and the American Honey Queen Committee and I are eager to kick off a new year of promotions with our 2014 Honey Queen and Princess.

The 2014 conference in Baton Rouge concluded 2013 American Honey Queen Caroline Adams and 2013 American Honey Princess Emily Campbell's year of promotions.  On behalf of the American Honey Queen Committee, I extend our heartfelt appreciation for their efforts to promote our industry.  Their passions for the deaf community and youth in agriculture helped us to reach millions of people nationwide this year through fairs, festivals, presentations and media interviews.  Their travels spanned from coast to coast, as well as to Canada and Hawaii!  We are proud of their efforts.

Princess Elena working at the
 Kids and Bees event

Caroline and Emily had the opportunity to promote honey and beekeeping at the ABF conference during the annual Kids and Bees event, which was a huge success!  They were joined by our 2014 American Honey Queen candidates: Susannah Austin (Florida), Hannah VanWyk (Iowa), Elena Hoffman (Pennsylvania) and Shelby Kilpatrick (Texas). Each of these four women was an excellent representative for their state associations and made the decision difficult for our judges. The judges ultimately selected Susannah Austin as our 2014 American Honey Queen and Elena Hoffman as our 2014 American Honey Princess.  Both Susannah and Elena demonstrated a passion for sharing the importance of the honeybee and agriculture with the consumer, and we are eager to work with them and watch them develop as our spokespersons.

At the end of January, Susannah and Elena participated in American Honey Queen and Princess training in Iowa with Louann Hausner and me. They crafted their key messages for the year, set goals and practiced and learned how to develop and deliver their messages in a variety of settings, including media interviews, school presentations, cooking demonstrations and one-on-one communications.  

Please show your support of the program this year by following Susannah and Elena on Facebook, their blog, or on YouTube, and by hosting them for a promotional event in your area.  Many of you made contact with me at the ABF conference, and I'd love to hear from more of you about your possible events.  Please contact me as soon as possible to arrange a visit.  Both are eager to start traveling on behalf of the ABF and meeting you in your states. 

Bee a Kid: Polar Vortex Can't Keep a Beekeeper Down

by Sarah Red-Laird, Bee Girl

The first week of January was anything but normal for Baton Rouge, Louisiana.  As beekeepers from all across the country descended upon this quiet college town, the Polar Vortex also dropped into the Deep South.  While packing up the last of the supplies for the American Beekeeping Federation's twentieth annual Kids and Bees event, my heart sank a little with the temperature while I exchanged my sundress for a down jacket.  I also began to worry about my giant tubs full of a year's worth of planning.  I thought to myself, "Are the cargo spaces in planes heated when it is a million below zero a mile above the globe?  Will my beeswax freeze and crack?  Will my honey crystalize?  Man, I hope they are careful with my microscopes!"   

Randy Fields poses with Sarah Red-Laird, the Bee Girl

What an adventure there was to be had.  Long story short, I made it to Baton Rouge twelve hours behind schedule, and with no sign of my Kids and Bees event materials and supplies!  It was T-minus three days until about 500 bee-curious kids and community members from New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and everywhere in between (that I had been recruiting for the last few months) came busting down the doors with the high expectations that I had set.  I was Little Bee Peep without her sheep!  And the Big Bad Wolves at the other end of the luggage hotline had their clutches on our event, but didn't seem to care.    

The clock ticked toward the eleventh hour.  The ABF leadership and I started devising a plan B.  Then, my cell phone's luggage app sounded off to let me know that a bin of supplies had appeared at the Baton Rouge airport!  ABF President Tim Tucker was so kind to let me pull him away from the conference to shuttle me back and forth to the airport all afternoon to pick up the Kids and Bees bins as they trickled in from who knows where.  The beeswax sheets had succumbed to the below freezing temps; many broken to bits and then shaken around the bins like flecks in a snow globe.  But we had every last googley eye, spec of glitter, tissue paper bee wing, etc., and that is what counted.  

I was up many hours before the morning rays of sun hit the turbid waters of the Big Muddy to assemble the pieces of the event.  Local beekeepers, state honey queens, and ABF members began to filter into the room help with setup well before I had asked them to arrive, and the room came together seamlessly.  It felt like a scene in a Disney film with helpers appearing from here and there, and magically, the work was done.  

All suited up for the
Kids and Bees event

Families began to line up at the door and filter in slowly at first.  After checking in at the Welcome Station, they headed to four other stations themed, "The Art of Beekeeping,"  "The Science of Beekeeping," "The World of Beekeeping," and "The Future of Bees: It's Up to You!"  Favorites such as beeswax candle rolling, bee finger puppet making, and real bee parts under microscopes were back again.  Among the new activities were face painting (thank you Queen Caroline and Princess Emily), a photo booth with bee costumes, and a "Bee View" display with ultraviolet lights.  Bob Danka from the USDA Bee Lab was nice enough to lend us his observational hive as the star attraction for the day.  Louisiana superstar beekeeper and bee educator Randy Fair was so generous, bringing a truckload of beekeeping equipment for the kids to play with and honey to taste.  Gordon Wardell, Paramount bee biologist, brought unshelled almonds for the kids to crack and eat.  Kristin from Glory Bee ran more honey sticks and stickers up to the Welcome station.  Queen breeder Russell Heitkam walked around in a full suit, and threw jackets and veils on elated and curious kids and posed for pictures.  We also sent every kid away with a package of bee-friendly flower seeds.  The Baton Rouge-area bees will see about 108,000 more flowers for bees in Louisiana this spring!    

The happy ruckus swelled larger and larger and spilled out into the convention center and tradeshow.  As the room filled with kids, volunteers appeared as well.  Beekeepers from Oregon to New York, past U.S. Honey Queens and Princesses, members of the Bee Informed Partnership, and Foundation Scholars all jumped in to help roll candles, give out spoonful of honey, and talk bees with inquisitive kids, parents and teachers.  Meanwhile in an adjacent room, Queen Caroline, Princess Emily, beekeeper John Miller and I met with large groups of kids who came prepared with some very well thought-out questions.  We were so impressed with the manners, intelligence and humor of these kids.  We had some future beekeepers join us, for sure!

This was truly a fantastic community effort.  It's no secret that our bees are in trouble.  But with the passion and commitment that beekeepers expressed in pulling this event off, I can't help but have hope.  On our comment board, one student from Terrace Elementary wrote, "Best day EVER!!"  I would have to agree.    

Bee Thinking

Last month's riddle master was ABF member Eloise Naylor. Below is the answer: 

RiddleNo one you see is just like me.  Hold me near, I'll shed a tear. My best seen assets are untold facets. What am I?

Answer: A Snowflake

So, here's another riddle for you to wrestle with. Think you know the answer? The first to e-mail Tim Tucker at tuckerb@hit.net will lay claim to another fun ABF prize.

The man who invented it doesn't want it. The man who bought it doesn't need it. The man who needs it doesn't know it. What is it?

Buzzmakers: Latest and Greatest Beekeeping Industry News

  • A rapidly mutating virus has leaped from plants to honey bees, where it is reproducing and contributing to the collapse of colonies vital to the multibillion-dollar agricultural industry, according to a new study. Learn more.
  • CSIRO-led team will use data they collect to investigate role of pesticides in collapse of 10m beehives worldwide. Thousands of Australian honey bees have been fitted with tiny sensors in a study to help understand what is causing the precipitous collapse of colonies around the world. Read more.
  • A limited water supply is predicted west of the Continental Divide, according to the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) National Water and Climate Center (NWCC) in its first forecast of 2014. The NWCC also predicts normal water supply east of the Continental Divide and will continue to monitor, forecast and update water supplies for the next six months. Learn more.
  • The best $75 jar of honey and why is it so special? Discover this rare, raw, seasonal honey produced strictly in the springtime by bee colonies kept by the Trigaux and Potvin families near the Canadian Gaspe coastline. Read more.
  • The disappearance of bees has started to worry corporations, but should companies like Bayer be involved in saving them? Learn more.

ABF Welcomes New Members — December 2013

  • Robert Joseph Burns, Kansas
  • Kevin Lausman, Florida
  • Garrett H Moore, Virginia
  • James B Burritt, Wisconsin
  • Corinne Jennings Collins, Missouri
  • DeRossie DeLaigle, Georgia
  • Perry Doane, Indiana
  • Jason Gouedy, Louisana
  • Tim Ives, Indiana
  • Valma Jessamy, Grenada
  • Eleanor Anne Schumacher, Illinois
  • Jackie R. Taylor, Texas
  • Nicholus Andy Thill, Wisconsin
  • LelaMae Wilkes, Louisana
  • Mitch Yaciw, Indiana


Recipe of the Month: Cranberry Pecan Pie

Source: National Honey Board


  • 2 cups fresh or frozen cranberries
  • 1 cup orange juice
  • 1/2 cup honey
  • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
  • 2 tablespoons cold water
  • 1/2 teaspoon orange extract
  • 1 9-inch baked pie shell
  • 1/2 cup honey
  • 3 tablespoons butter or margarine
  • 1-3/4 cups pecan halves
  • In medium saucepan, combine cranberries, juice and honey. Cook, uncovered, over low heat for 15 minutes if using fresh cranberries or 20 minutes if using frozen berries. Cool.
  • Puree cranberry mixture in blender; return to saucepan. Combine cornstarch and water. Stir into cranberry mixture. 
  • Bring to boil and cook until thickened. Stir in orange extract. Cool; then pour into pie shell. 
  • Spoon topping evenly over cranberry mixture. Bake at 350°F 20 minutes or until top is bubbly. Cool on wire rack. 
  • Serve at room temperature or chilled. 
  • Topping: In medium saucepan, combine 1/2 cup honey and 3 tablespoons butter or margarine; cook and stir 2 minutes or until mixture is smooth. 
  • Stir in 1-3/4 cups pecan halves until well coated.
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