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ABF E-Buzz: February 2015
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ABF E-Buzz — February 2015


In This Issue:

 

 

 

 

 

 


Welcome to ABF E-Buzz

by Tim Tucker, ABF President

"Snow, wind and cold,

February can get old,

Fast and yet there's always

Days that surprise you,

With tree bloom beginning the year,

Beginning the bees’ bountiful breakfast."

Welcome Back! I was saddened to hear last week of the passing of a good friend, Dr. Peter Teal, who since the early days of ABF E-Buzz has provided us with some of our best informational moments. Whether it was Varroa mite research or new information on small hive beetles, Peter always had new things underway. One of the most valuable archived resources we have are the past articles of Science Buzz that Peter has contributed over the past four years. I remember when I first asked him to contribute to the ABF E-Buzz he was very excited, and I just can't say how much we have valued and appreciated his monthly contribution. He will be sorely missed both here and in the overall beekeeping research field as well. Working at the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE) USDA/ARS research facility in Gainesville, Florida, Peter also contributed much to the understanding of our industry in so many areas. I will miss his friendship.

We also lost another good friend in Randy Johnson, who was a past president of the ABF from 1986 to 1987. Randy was such a wonderfully kind and generous person. He always greeted you with a warm smile. He was integral in the start-up of the Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees. For the first several years I was becoming involved with ABF, he was always so very supportive of anything that was moving the industry forward. I will miss him and I hope he and Peter among many others are taking care of heaven's bees.

We are past 6,250 likes on our ABF Facebook page and we thank everyone who has become acquainted with our page. There's lots of updated information, almost daily. I posted a video of a delivery of a nuc to a customer of ours and we reached over 10,000 people with the post. It's just amazing how many people are monitoring all of the information that we put up there. It's viewed and then shared of course so it gets replicated many times. If you haven't been, I hope that you can visit us there as well, and if you haven't liked us yet please do so, and enjoy the daily information.

Here in Kansas things have been from one end of the spectrum to the other in the area of weather. Last week I was out feeding bees in short sleeves when the temps hit almost 80 degrees, smashing the previous record by three degrees for the high of the day. Two days later I was loading bees in the 20's with the wind whipping 30 mph, struggling to stay warm. There's just no telling how much one week will vary from the past or the upcoming weeks. We had some maple and elm trees blooming, which is normal for our month of February here, but the bees are clustered up this week with temperatures in the 30's once again. I have to feel for my beekeeping friends in the northeast who are really getting the winter of their lives. With no place to put snow anymore in many of the major cities, we wonder if things are affecting the bees. If they are prepared for winter with good wraps and protection, the snow will likely be a good insulator and protection for the clustering colonies, protecting them from some of the intense winds.

This month we have a great article from a friend of mine here in Kansas: Bob Burns, who lives in Kansas City. He put together some suggestions on what to do with deadouts and gave me permission to make it available to all of our ABF E-Buzz readers. I hope you enjoy it and I hope Bob comes up with some more great articles in the future. Thanks Bob. We also have some great articles from another old ABJ that I have been enjoying. I hope that you enjoy them to. There's also lots of great new buzzmakers and a new recipe. Anna Kettlewell also has an update on our new Honey Queen and Princess and their beginning service to the ABF during the course of this year. In addition, there's also a new clue for the riddle that no one figured out last month, so we hope you enjoy your time here once again and we really appreciate you stopping by. Till March, have a bee-utiful day!


Government Relations Update

by Gene Brandi, ABF Vice President 

The new Congress is now in session and Committee members have been selected. The House Ag Committee is now chaired by Congressman Mike Conaway (R-Texas). The Senate Ag Committee is chaired by Senator Pat Roberts (R-Kansas). We look forward to a good working relationship with the new chairmen and their committees.

The 2014 Farm Bill charged the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture with developing a report for the Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, describing how a Federal Standard of Identity for honey would be in the interest of consumers, the honey industry, and U.S. Agriculture. USDA accepted comments from mid-August until mid-October on the proposal to establish a Federal honey standard. On December 29, 2014, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Tom Vilsack, sent the required report to the FDA which summarizes the 85 comments received. Even though the preponderance of the comments (89%) supported the establishment of a Federal Standard of Identity for honey, the report indicated that there was not a clear consensus as to its specific content. This, in spite of the fact that the petitioners, including the ABF, had worked for several years carefully preparing language for a national standard prior to submitting this latest petition. It certainly appears that not enough weight was given to the proposed standard as submitted by the petitioners. The ABF has been working for more than ten years on this issue and co-signed the original petition which was submitted to FDA in 2006. The ABF will continue to pursue a Federal Standard of Identity for honey as mandated in the organization’s continuing resolutions.

The ABF remains concerned with proposed EPA pesticide label changes which we understand will be revealed for public comment in early 2015. Clear, enforceable label language with no loopholes or exemptions is what is truly needed to best protect pollinators. We will continue to pursue such language as it can best provide the fundamental protection from pesticides that all pollinators need.

It was gratifying to see that the U.S. Department of Transportation and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration responded to the petition by the California Farm Bureau Federation (co-signed by the ABF) asking that drivers hauling bees be exempted from the additional 30 minute rest break required in the Federal Hours of Service regulations. The ABF co-submitted testimony with AHPA during the comment period which lasted from early January until early February. It is our hope that bee haulers can obtain a permanent exemption from this rule in order not to jeopardize the health of bees in transit.


In Memorial: Dr. Peter Teal

In Memory of Dr. Peter Teal, Science Buzz Contributor 
by Deborah Brennan, Director, Southeast Area, USDA 

It is with great sorrow that I announce the passing of Dr. Peter Teal, Research Leader of the Chemistry Research Unit at the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology (CMAVE), USDA-ARS Gainesville, Florida. Peter had been suffering from pneumonia.

Dr. Teal assumed the role of Research Leader of the Chemistry Research Unit in 2003 and served in that position until 2015. In 2014, he also began service as Acting Research Leader of the Subtropical Horticulture Research Station, Miami, Florida.

Dr. Teal was a Supervisory Research Insect Physiologist, and he obtained both his B.Sc. and M.S. Degrees from the University of Ottawa and his Ph.D. in Entomology from the University of Florida. Dr. Teal began his career with ARS at CMAVE in 1990. Prior to that, he was an Assistant Professor at the University of Guelph from 1983 to 1986, and an Associate Professor at the University of Florida (1986 to 1990).

Dr. Teal was an outstanding scientist with an international reputation and had achieved the level of super grade. His research focused on isolation and identification of naturally produced compounds that affect the behavior and reproduction of insects and in developing control and monitoring strategies for control of invertebrate pests. He received many awards recognizing his research and leadership. In 1991, he received the USDA Outstanding Early Career Scientist Award. Later, Dr. Teal was recipient of the Arthur S. Flemming Award for Science (2002) and Researcher of the Year Award from the Florida Beekeeping Association (2005).

Dr. Teal was active in technology transfer efforts related to protecting plants and honey bees from devastating pests while protecting the environment. He worked closely with industry using CRADAs and MTAs such as developing a new attractant for small hive beetles, a significant pest of honeybees. In 2014, he received the South Atlantic Area Senior Research Scientist of the Year "For excellence in chemical ecology research and advancing the surveillance and control of agricultural insect pests.” His research has been documented in over 200 scientific publications and patents.

This is a great loss for USDA, ARS, the agricultural industry, and all of the fellow employees and friends who worked closely with Peter. We will all miss Peter's humor, compassion, guidance, and excellence in science and leadership. Our thoughts and prayers are with his wife Kathy and son Evan.

Condolences can be sent to his wife Kathy and son Evan: 4215 NW 69th St. Gainesville, FL 32606. 

If there is anyone in the local area, there will be a memorial service for Peter on February 28th from 1-5 pm at the Gainesville Garden Club 1350 NW 75 Street Gainesville, FL 32605.


 Call for Research Proposals 

The American Beekeeping Federation (ABF) Research Committee has developed a program to support small research projects conducted by beekeepers and members of the beekeeping industry. Resources from the ABF’s “Friends of the Bee” fund have been earmarked for this purpose. The amount for the small research project(s) will not exceed $1500. The submissions will be accepted from March 1, 2015 through April 13, 2015. The winner(s) will be contact by May 15, 2015. If you have any questions, please contact Regina K. Robuck at reginarobuck@abfnet.org or 404.760.2887

Scope of Research: 
Proposals for funding should focus on issues of concern to the beekeeping industry as a whole and to members of the ABF. Projects need to result in a product, solution or method that directly benefits the apiculture industry.

Guidelines for Written Research Proposals:

The guidelines for written research proposals are as follows:
• Written research proposals need to include the following items:
(1) Descriptive Title
(2) Researcher Information: Name; Mailing Address; E-mail; Phone Number
(3) Abstract/Summary: Clear, concise summary of the project in layman’s language to include: a) Overall objective of the project; b) Summary of work plan and/or methodology; c) Expected outcomes, product or solution to question addressed.
(4) Introduction: Clear statement of the problem that you will study and why it is significant to the beekeeping community. Include background information and any literature associated with the problem. Describe the expected outcomes of the proposed research and how beekeepers would use the information that you generate.
(5) Objectives: Clearly state what the goal of the research will be.
(6) Plans and Procedures: Clearly state how you will study the objectives. Define the experiments will you conduct to address the objectives. Clearly outline how you will conduct the experiments. Discuss how you will interpret the results of experiments. Outline the timeline for conducting and analyzing the results from the research.
(7) Budget: Define how resources provided by the ABF will be used to support the proposed research.
• Written research proposals should be submitted to the ABF via postal mail at: ABF, Attn: ABF Research Committee, 3525 Piedmont Road, Building Five, Suite 300, Atlanta, GA 30305. Or, sent via e-mail to: info@abfnet.org.

Evaluation and Expectations:
The evaluation of the written research proposal and the expectations of the research projects are as follows:
• Receipt of proposals by the ABF will be confirmed in writing, via e-mail, to the researcher within two (2) weeks after submission.
• Proposals will be evaluated by the ABF Research Committee and results provided to the researcher within two (2) months of receipt of the proposal.
• Projects are to be completed within a maximum of one (1) year from the date of the award or after one field season.
• Awardees must provide a final written report of the outcomes of the research.

The report should be in the following format:
(1) Title
(2) Researcher
(3) Introduction
(4) Objectives of Research
(5) Research Methods
(6) Results of Research and Discussion of Findings in Layman’s Terms
• Awardees must deliver a 15-minute oral presentation discussing the research project and outcomes of the research at the annual meeting of the ABF subsequent to completion of the research project.  


Dead-Out - What Should I Do?

by Bob Burns (Originally submitted to the Northeastern Kansas Beekeepers’ Association)

What to do if you find that you have no flying bees and/or your colony did not survive winter. Stay in beekeeping! We urge you not to give up. Experienced beekeepers have losses, too.

Re-use that comb. Start again! With our changing weather and up-and-down temperature extremes, Mother Nature is not kind to the bees nor to us humans.

  • Examine the combs.
  • Deduce that your colony did not die to disease (American Foul Brood, AFB) or pesticide exposure. Under these conditions, the hive will need to be destroyed (burned) or the comb eliminated due to the toxins in the combs and food stores.
  • Remove the dead bees by lightly shaking and brushing. Do not crush the dead bees.
  • Don’t worry about the bees inside the cells. They will dry out and will be removed by the successive bees of the colony.
  • Put the hive body and comb on a strong colony. Yes, the bees will clean up the comb.
  • Close up the hive. Do not let it get robbed out or damaged by other bees.
  • Get a new queen and learn how to make a split-colony for increasing or replacement.
  • Or, use several of the best combs on a new bee package or nucleus for growth.
  • If there were any mice nests or extreme damage, there would be a strong smell of urine on the damaged comb- replace or destroy. Bees do not like mice urine.

Dead colonies or ‘dead-outs’ are a terrific resource and opportunity to begin again with bees. Protect the hive and combs! While it’s a terribly disappointing loss, as long as it was not a disease that killed off your colony, it will be a tremendous resource advantage to start again.

It’s late winter/early spring. I have a colony where the bees are alive but the population amounts to only a few hundred bees surrounding the queen. What should I do?

  • There was a very high mite population last fall.
  • Or, your queen was probably sick with Nosema infection, which starves the queen and affects her egg-laying.
  • Tiny colonies do not have sufficient population and will not build up. Let them go!
  • Tiny colonies will most likely die out in January, February, or March cold snaps when the temperatures drop below 20F.
  • If the colony has not died out on its own and you have additional hives, you can kill the queen and use the remaining population by shaking them in front of another hive.

Estimates are that nearly 50% of swarms in the wild do not make it through their 1st winter! Amazingly, honey bees have a way of finding these ‘natural dead-out colonies’ and moving in to take-up housing before there is any infestation by wax moth. As a starter resource, these 2nd swarm colonies have an even better chance of being successful through the following winter than the initial colony did. This is how it works in nature!

Wax moths are a secondary problem. The wax moth larvae damage comb by tunneling and eating their way through. They are in search of protein! Larvae get it in the form of stored pollen and the pupae castings or cocoons and wax from the brood comb. The larvae develop faster in warm temperatures in early summer and throughout fall when it’s over 90F.

Typically, we do not see them in our area of NE Kansas until mid-May or later. Comb and equipment need to be re-started with package or swarm bees by mid-to-late May or you risk having a problem with wax moths.

When wax moth larvae pupate, they gouge wood. The bees cannot remove the pupae or the cocoons. These can be scraped and removed. The gouges in the sides of the hive body will be filled in somewhat with propolis by any new colony.

Beekeeping has been described as a passion of the natural world, a great responsibility, and a rewarding stewardship –nature, science, art, and chance all rolled into one endeavor. We encourage you not to give up.

Become an active member in the association. Meetings are meant for opportunities to learn and share experiences. We exist to educate and mentor for the benefit of beekeepers. There is not better advice than to become part of the group. You will learn the benefits, pitfalls, and experiences of regional beekeeping. Beekeeping is considered local; providing a common forum for success.

We provide specific information on regional beekeeping to keep your hives healthy, thriving, and productive. Since 1948 The Northeastern Kansas Beekeepers’ Association (NEKBA) has a rich history. “Exploring the wonderful world of beekeeping together.”

These tips were inspired by: Becky Tipton, February 7, 2015, FB, in response to a beekeeper who had reported that he had lost his colony.

You should close up the hive; brush out any dead bees; scrape the bottom board; store this wax, equipment, etc., so you don’t lose your honey and those feral (robber) bees don’t tear up all your wax (comb). When you put new bees in that hive, they will grow quickly, using the supplies left by your previous colony.”


Bee Updated: Latest and Greatest News from the National Honey Board 

 

National Honey Board Offers Free Honey Brochure to Industry Members!

Firestone, Colo., February 2, 2015 – The National Honey Board (NHB) announced that it has produced a new recipe brochure for 2015 entitled Sweet Honey Recipes for the Everyday Cook.


The recipe brochure, which will be available at no cost to honey industry members throughout the United States, features eight scrumptious recipes, ranging from beverages to appetizers, entrées and side dishes. The convenient, accordion-style layout educates readers on how they can make honey their go-to, secret ingredient at home.


More and more people are realizing the versatility of honey and using it for a variety of recipes, as it has become a pantry staple in the kitchen. Sweet Honey Recipes for the Everyday Cook is a vibrant brochure that showcases honey as not only a functional and flavorful ingredient, but it also includes tips for cooking with honey and how to substitute honey for other sweeteners when cooking and baking.


“In a continued effort to provide materials to help promote honey, we are pleased to offer this beautiful new brochure to the honey industry,” said Margaret Lombard, CEO of the National Honey Board. “The brochure inspires home cooks to utilize honey in their everyday recipes. With colorful images and eight inspiring recipes, the fanfold brochure is not only attractive, but also highlights the versatility of honey.”


These complimentary brochures are available in limited quantities. To order, please contact Andrea Brening, the NHB’s fulfillment coordinator at 800-553-7162.


The National Honey Board is an industry-funded agriculture promotion group that works to educate consumers about the benefits and uses for honey and honey products through research, marketing and promotional programs.

 

Honey Recipe Leads to a Sweet reward for Lucky Los Angeles Culinary Students!

Among tears of joy and a cheering crowd, a panel of Los Angeles-area food experts, chefs and restaurateurs named Monica Miranda of Los Angeles the winner of the National Honey Board’s (NHB) inaugural “Sweet & Savory” Scholarship Contest, specifically designed to support U.S. Latino culinary students with their studies.


Miranda’s Bacon-wrapped Water Chestnuts with Honey, a honey-inspired family appetizer, garnered the highest marks possible from the judges in the competition, earning her the $3,000 scholarship for her 1st Place finish.

“This is amazing!” said Miranda, a student at Le Cordon Bleu in Pasadena, CA. “This scholarship will help me get closer to my goal of having my own catering business. It’s great that organizations like the NHB are reaching out to students and inspiring them with opportunities like this one.”

A total of three finalists were chosen to participate in the cook-off finale, guaranteeing each of them one of three scholarships from the NHB including one 1st Place $3,000 scholarship, one 2nd Place $2,000 scholarship or a $1,000 scholarship 3rd Place.

The 2nd and 3rd Place winners of the “Sweet & Savory” Scholarship Contest are Beatriz Argumedo (Second place, Los Angeles Trade-Technical College, Modern Chiles with Shrimp and Honey) and Rodolfo Gallegos (Third place, Le Cordon Bleu, Pasadena, Spicy Harissa Honey Pork Chops with Cucumber-Mint Relish).

The “Sweet & Savory” Scholarship Contest accepted original honey recipes from Latino culinary students 18 years of age or older attending any accredited culinary school or program in the United States including three partnering schools: Los Angeles Trade-Technical College - Culinary Arts; Washburne Culinary Institute in Chicago; and the Miami Culinary Institute. Three finalists were chosen from all eligible entries received.

The NHB is thrilled with how this cook-off turned out and expects to see great things from the culinary students in the future! 



Honey Queen Buzz: Greetings from the Frozen Tundra!

by Anna Kettlewell, American Honey Queen Program Chair


American Honey Queen Gabrielle 

Greetings from the frozen tundra! February was another cold month in many parts of the country, but that didn’t stop our Queen and Princess from promoting our industry and the ABF!

Queen Gabrielle spent six days in Florida promoting honey at the Florida State Fair in Tampa.  Each year, this fair hosts Honey Day, typically on Valentine’s Day. The Queen stays very busy promoting honey through live cooking demonstrations, interviews, and interaction with the public at the Florida State Beekeepers Association’s exhibit. Many fairs designate special days during their duration, so consider approaching your fair to host a special honey day!

Both Queen Gabrielle and Princess Hayden spent a weekend in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN at the end of February to attend the University of Minnesota Beekeeping in Northern Climates course. This course gives our Queens a good brush up on their beekeeping knowledge, along with the opportunity to meet new beekeepers. The Queens promote ABF and its many benefits to the hundreds of attendees at this course each year. In addition to the beekeeping course this year, Gabrielle and Hayden spoke to students at an inner city after school program about beekeeping and honey bees! After school programs, 4-H clubs, and other evening meetings are great opportunities to fill up the Queen and Princess’s schedule when they visit your area!

Thank you to the many members who have contacted me to schedule the Queen or Princess at their events this year. There are still plenty of openings on their schedules, so please touch base with me (414.545.5514 or honeyqueen99@hotmail.com) soon to schedule a visit to your area.  Happy promoting!

 


Bee Thinking

No one got the answer to last month's riddle, so here it is again... with a new clue at the end!

Think you know the answer? The first to e-mail Tim Tucker at tuckerb@hit.net will lay claim to another fun ABF prize.

I'll introduce you to the sweet honey bees,

Made from the best of big old trees,

You can find a hive to keep bees in,

And the answer to this riddle lies within.  

Everything bees you need to know,

Just take my advice, you'll be a pro.


Buzzmakers: Latest and Greatest Beekeeping Industry News

  • The nation's leading state agriculture officials gathered at the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA) Winter Policy Conference this past week to discuss agriculture issues including pollinators, mediation, rail transportation, trade with Cuba, food safety, antimicrobial resistance and agriculture literacy. Learn more.
  • Honey bees, native bees and happy Valentine’s day! While doing research for this article, I stumbled upon several interesting websites about native bees versus honey bees. Read more.
  • Research shows honey bee diseases can strike in all seasons. U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists in Maryland and their colleagues have found that two pathogens causing mysterious honey bee ailments are a problem not just in the spring, but they might pose a threat year-roundLearn more.
  • Can mushrooms save the honeybee? Paul Stamets has had a life-long love affair with mushrooms, one that goes well beyond their culinary and psychedelic qualities. Wearing his signature hat — made from mushrooms — a turtle pendant and, always, a blue scarf, the nearly 60 year-old mycologist runs Fungi Perfecti, a family-owned farm and business in Shelton, WashingtonRead more. 
  • The buzz about bees and biofuels: A hand-held vacuum seems an unlikely tool in a field ecologist’s repertoire. But sucking up bees from sunflowers was a necessary step in assessing how human energy needs may affect Michigan pollinators. Read more. 
  • 2015 4-H Essay Topic: "Planting for Bees from Backyards and Up". Beekeeping has become difficult due to a lack of native plants for forage. In this essay, you will be required to discuss ways that habitats can be modified to become "bee friendly". Does your community allow roadsides and open land to grow wildflowers and encourage native planting of bee friendly plants? Deadline is March 1st. Read more 

ABF Welcomes New Members — January 2015

  • Ahmad Alkhazim Al-Gamdi, Saudi Arabia
  • Sean Alibrando, California 
  • John Anderson, Iowa
  • Tracie Applegate, California 
  • Bryan Ash, Canada
  • Brandon Ashurst, California 
  • Evelyn Baron, California 
  • Michael Bartch, Texas
  • Mark Breen, Texas
  • Thomas Breitschwerd, New York
  • David Brisson, Canada
  • Leonard Brown, Montana
  • Guy Chartier, Canada
  • Bruce Clow, New Zealand 
  • Andrew Cote, New York
  • Paul Del Piero, California 
  • Jim Dempster, North Carolina
  • Margaret Depew, Washington
  • Buddy Depew, Washington 
  • Charlotte Duren, North Carolina
  • Joe Edwards, Canada
  • Jonathan Engelsma, Michigan
  • Fred George, Arizona
  • John Goudy, Canada
  • Ashley Gray, Canada
  • David Gremmels, Oregon
  • Ronald Hanson, Hawaii
  • Lloyd Harris, Canada
  • Kerry Haskins, Oregon
  • Renee Hoover, Florida
  • Bryan Houtman, California
  • Sadye Howald, North Carolina
  • Lynn Isaac, California
  • Jimmy Janzen, Kansas
  • Rene Johnson, Alabama
  • Torey Johnson, Oregon
  • Derrick Johnson, Canada
  • Eric Joswig, Florida
  • Steven King, South Dakota
  • Sarah Kirkpatrick, Washington 
  • Norm Knudsen, Canada
  • Susan Kulkowitz, Arizona
  • Buzz Landon, California 
  • Bill Lewis, California
  • Gerard Loaiza, California
  • Wanda Mansker, Texas
  • Rebecca Masterman, Minnesota
  • Philip Mazzulla, Wisconsin
  • Steven Melton, California
  • Jason Miller, California 
  • Sarah Monson, Arizona
  • Bob Montano, North Carolina
  • Brian Nilson, Nebraska
  • Josh Orear, Washington DC
  • Carmelita Palma, California 
  • Lauren Park, Canada
  • Lucas Pavlovich, California
  • Cynthia Perry, California
  • Amy Pistor, California
  • Glen Porter, Georgia
  • Jonathan Raith, Massachusetts 
  • Harrison Rogers, Texas
  • Philip Russell, California
  • Maximiliano Salas, Washington
  • Tarciano Santos da Silva, Brazil
  • Caydee Savinelli, North Carolina
  • Mary Schmitt-Hemesath, Iowa
  • Laura Scott, Wisconsin
  • Erik Singleton, Wisconsin
  • Steven Smith, Maryland
  • David Smoak, New Mexico
  • Rob Stone, California
  • Rafael Torres, California
  • Paul Walgenbach, North Carolina
  • Ben Williams, Illinois
  • Michael Wilson, Tennessee
  • Catherine Wissner, New York
  • Josephine Wolf, Texas
  • Daniel Wyns, Oregon
  • Jon Zwiers, Canada

 


Recipe of the Month: Honey Nut Granola 

Source:  allrecipes.com

Honey Nut Granola

Ingredients:

4 cups rolled oats

1 cup sliced almonds

1 cup chopped pecans

1 cup raw sunflower seeds

1/3 cup canola oil

1/2 cup honey

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

1 tablespoon ground cinnamon

Directions:

Preheat the oven to 300 degrees. In a large bowl, stir oats, nuts and sunflower kernels together. In a separate bowl, mix together oil, honey, vanilla and cinnamon. Add to dry ingredients; mix well. Spread mixture onto two ungreased baking sheets. Bake in preheated oven, for 10 minutes, remove from oven and stir. Return to oven and continue baking until golden, about 10 minutes. Remove from oven and let cool completely before storing. Makes 5 cups.


Queen Susannah prepares for her next cooking class at the HAS 2014 Conference. 

 


July starts the beginning of the Queen and Princess’s heaviest travel time of the year. This year, July took the program to seven unique states, reaching honey consumers in a variety of settings. 

 

 



Princess Elena makes honey snacks for the West End Senior Center Residents.
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