ABF E-Buzz — February 2013
In This Issue:
Welcome to ABF E-Buzz
by Tim Tucker, ABF Vice President and ABF E-Buzz Editor
"Late February, and the air's so balmy
snowdrops and crocuses might be fooled
into early blooming. Then, the inevitable blizzard
will come, blighting our harbingers of spring,
and the numbed yards will go back undercover.
In Florida, it's strawberry season?
Shortcake, waffles, berries and cream
will be penciled on the coffee shop menus."
– Gail Mazur
Welcome back! It's amazing how many people ask me what I do when the bees are "dormant" during the winter months. Most people who aren't close to the bee business have the impression that beekeepers have the winter off, just like the bees. We have been busy as bees here getting equipment built and repaired, cleaned and painted, just to get the stuff that was brought in due to picking up dead units that amounted to about 30 percent again this winter. I guess I feel kind of lucky though, as I am hearing reports of much larger losses and ours are not so large that we can't replace what was lost without too much difficulty. How nice it would be to go back to the 90s when we rarely lost more than 10 percent of our hives each year.
It seemed that there were years in the past when February was still a part of winter, but now February is more like the beginning of spring. Our daffodils are very close to blooming and the fruit trees are also budding out, although the past few days have brought some ice and sleet, thus restoring the evidence of winter. We have seen groups of birds coming back in, with robins and cardinals returning in groups singing spring songs and I've even seen a few groups of meadow larks that we had missed most of the summer last year. The lengthening days are also making it seem like the winter weather will not last long if it makes another return. After a good week and many quick inspections, I feel that we are at least a month ahead of schedule as far as the bees are concerned. The bees are really brooding up well and that means we will have more work to do keeping things managed well enough that they stay in the box instead of heading for the trees in April.
The pollination of almonds is proving to be problematic this season, as there are definitely shortages of bees, which have prompted lots of articles on the theories behind the large winter losses that we keep seeing each and every year. Those of us who have been in the business for 20 or more years know that things have changed dramatically. There are so many variables that are playing a role with regard to our overall bee health and we have to begin finding some solutions soon. Many large beekeepers are on the verge of collapse and rebuilding from yet another year of financially challenging losses. Bee health is without a doubt our main focus and will require much work this year. Next year may be too late for many. Unfortunately, with talks of sequester and cutting expenses across the board in Washington, it may be difficult to keep funding providing the research we so desperately need to continue.
Many thanks to those of you who offered comments on the registration of Sulfoxaflor. There were almost 800 comments on the topic and most of those from beekeepers were decidedly against the registration of yet another pesticide without proper studies proving the product to be safe in the environment.
One of the big news items this month is that since last September, there have been five decisions rendered in five separate class actions over whether labeling honey without pollen as honey is fraudulent, misleading or misbranded. Several cases had been filed and now those decisions have been offered by the courts and, in all five cases, they have held that the state laws are preempted by the federal law, which is based in the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA). Since the court has ruled that the common or usual name of a honey that has had its pollen removed is still considered honey, the California law that disallows the same honey to be labeled as honey imposes a requirement that is not the same as the federal law, so the California law is preempted by the NLEA and the claims are also preempted. In other words, "when confronted with conflicting state labeling requirements, federal law controls how a food must be labeled."
This month's issue is jam packed with all sorts of great information and news. Peter Teal is back with another "Science Buzz" and, as per usual, his insights are always helpful and informative. He has a great recipe for attracting hive beetles into traps so you can get the upper hand on those pesky little critters.
So, thanks again for stopping by and sharing some time with us. Feel free to share this newsletter with your friends or bee club members on the local level. If there's anything you would like to share with the industry, please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will include it in next month's issue. Have a great March and we hope you and your bees are in good health.
Bee Informed: Register Today for ABF's Conversation with a Beekeeper Webinar — Beekeeping 101: Numbers, Boxcars and Bees
Tuesday, March 12, 2013
8:00 p.m. ET / 7:00 p.m. CT / 6:00 p.m. MT / 5:00 p.m. PT / 4:00 p.m. AKST / 3:00 p.m. HST
Dr. Roger Hoopingarner, professor emeritus, Michigan State University
The ABF Education Committee has been hard at work developing new ways to keep its members engaged and informed in between ABF annual conferences each year. To this end, the ABF is pleased to announce a special nine-part series within the "Conversation with a Beekeeper" Webinar series. This series will be titled "Beekeeping 101" and will feature Dr. Roger Hoopingarner, professor emeritus at Michigan State University. Whether you are brand new to the world of beekeeping or you just need to have a refresher course, this "Beekeeping 101" series will be a great educational experience with many topics focused on the biology and management of honey bees.
The next session within this series is titled "Numbers, Boxcars and Bees" and it will be held on Tuesday, March 12, 2013, at 8:00 p.m. ET. More details on Dr. Hoopingarner's presentation can be found below.
There will be nine sessions within the "Beekeeping 101" series. Other topics will include: pollination and swarming. Most sessions will take place on the second Tuesday of each month at 8:00 p.m. ET. Be sure to keep an eye on future issues of ABF E-Buzz, as well as the ABF website at www.abfnet.org, for more information and registration details for each session.
|Dr. Roger Hoopingarner
Join us for a discussion on the population growth of both a package and overwintered colony, limits to the growth of a colony, and the effect of diseases and pests on colony growth.
Dr. Roger Hoopingarner got his start in beekeeping as a boy scout 65 years ago. With that interest he went on to receive his B.S. degree from Michigan State University in Entomology and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His doctoral research was on the genetics and environmental factors in queen rearing.
After a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Wisconsin, he joined the faculty at Michigan State University's Entomology Department where he remained doing research, teaching and extension in insect physiology and apiculture for 38 years. His research interests involved fruit pollination, disease transmission, population dynamics and insecticide interactions with insects and animals.
IMPORTANT SESSION FORMAT / REGISTRATION INFORMATION
The sessions will be conducted via the GoToWebinar online meetings platform, which means the presenter will have a visual presentation, as well as an audio presentation. Upon entering the session online, you may choose whether to listen to the presentation through your computer's speakers or through your phone.
Reserve your spot today by e-mailing Grayson Daniels, ABF membership coordinator, at email@example.com or by calling the ABF offices at 404.760.2875. Registration will close 48 business hours before the scheduled session. Twenty-four hours before the session the registered participant will receive an e-mail confirming participation, along with the necessary information to join the session. If an e-mail address is not provided, the ABF will call the participant with the information. Questions for the speaker must be submitted 48 business hours in advance to Grayson Daniels.
If you are unable to make the session, don't fear! Each session will be recorded and available on the ABF Web site for member-only access.
THE "BEEKEEPING 101" SERIES IS SPONSORED BY: Nozevit — A Member of the CompleteBee.com Family
Nozevit is an all-natural plant polyphenol honey bee food supplement that is added to sugar syrup feed. Nozevit is produced from certified organic substances according to a decades old traditional European recipe. Healthy bee colonies build brood faster in the spring, and will winter extremely well when their intestinal integrity is intact. Exceptional colonies can be built using all-natural Nozevit as a food supplement for intestinal cleansing, thereby reducing the need of chemical treatments for internal ailments.
Bee Educated: ABF's Conversation with a Beekeeper Webinar Archives Available on ABF Website
by Grayson Daniels, ABF Membership Coordinator
Have you missed out on any or all of the great webinars we have hosted over the past year? Good news! All of the ABF's "Conversation with a Beekeeper" webinars are archived on the ABF website and you can easily access them at your convenience. You can catch up on the following sessions:
- Jerry Hayes – Pollinator Decline and the Managed Honey Bee
- Diana Sammataro – Mites: Why Are They Important?
- Dr. David Tarpy – BEES Network: Learn How to Grow Your Knowledge and Understanding of Bees and Beekeeping
- Dr. Roger Hoopingarner – Beekeeping 101: To Be or Not to Be a Bee; Beekeeping 101: Fall Hive Management; Beekeeping 101: Internal Organs and Glands that Make Bees Function; Beekeeping 101: Winter Biology of the Honey Bee; Beekeeping 101: Flight and Foraging Dynamics; Beekeeping 101: Castes; Parthenogenesis and Sex Determination in Honey Bees; Larvae and Pupae Development
- Dr. Marion Ellis – Diseases of the Honey Bee Part One: Honey Bee Brood Diseases; Diseases of the Honey Bee Part Two: Adult Bee Diseases and Pests
Most sessions are uploaded to the website within the next day or two after the live presentation, so the page is updated at least once a month with a new session. Click here to access the sessions. Scroll down to the "Archived Sessions" section and choose the session you would like to listen to.
You will need to log into your account to access the sessions. If you don't remember your username or password, contact Grayson Daniels, ABF membership coordinator, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
by Peter Teal, Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, USDA-ARS
Last month I began the first of a two-part series on managing small hive beetle and focused on larvae. This month I will focus on adults. But, before I do, I want to emphasize that no matter how well we manage a hive, in the south, we are going to have a hive that gets away from us and will have a small hive beetle problem (see the pictures – they are from observation hives that were, by all accounts in great shape, before the "beetle bust"). Could be disease, a week or dead queen or who knows what, but it's going to happen and when it does, mature larvae will exit the hive. So, let's say 1,000 larvae pupate and half die, which leaves 250 new adult males and 250 adult females that can potentially invade new hives. That is why it pays to take precautions to control the beetle larvae.
So, what can we do about adults? There are a large number of different types of in-hive traps available, ranging from traps that fit between frames to traps made from CD cases to bottom board traps - and all catch beetles. I can't say how well they work, as we have only tried the trap we designed for bottom boards. One important thing to think about, however, is that if they can get into a trap and have no reason to stay there then they can probably get out. That is why we focused our work on developing a bait for traps that will provide them with everything females need to lay eggs in.
Remember that we need to make sure the larvae are not in the hive proper. We identified a yeast from the beetle that ferments on moist bee bread or pollen dough and when it does it produces a perfume that is highly attractive to beetles. This was evident in tests we did in Pennsylvania using a bottom board trap we designed baited with a lure containing the yeast fermenting on pollen dough. Over a four-week period we caught about 1,000 adults, but the trap also contained close to 19,000 larvae! Clearly, the females we caught were happy to lay their eggs in the bait ball we provided and the larvae didn't leave, of course the larvae couldn't jump out of the trap, but the females clearly didn't lay at least 19,000 eggs in the hive either. So, how do you make a bait that works? Here is a method that should work.
First, you will need clean, preferably deionized or distilled, water, bee-collected pollen (set up a pollen trap), a commercial pollen patty, some honey and as many small hive beetles as you can catch. You need to add enough water to the pollen patty to make it like a stiff bread dough and to this you add a minimum of 4 percent bee-collected pollen (THIS IS A KEY INGREDIENT – DO NOT SKIMP!) along with 4 percent honey. So, if you have a 10-pound pollen patty you need to add 6.4 oz of pollen and 6.4 oz of honey. Then, add the beetles. The beetles are the source of the attractive yeast because as they consume the pollen-pollen patty mixture, they poop and in doing so inoculate the pollen with the yeast that they carry in their guts.
Cover the bucket with a lid so the beetles stay in the dough and let them work for a week. The fermenting dough should smell like bread dough or fermenting beer after about a week. Then you know it's ready. We put the bucket in the freezer for a week to kill any beetles and larvae, then we take it out and let it rest for another week until it smells like it fermenting again. The next step is to put a good handful into a clean cotton sock (if you've worn them for a week you'll probably scare the beetles away, so wash them first) and put the lure in the bottom board trap. Make sure that there is no way the lure touches the top of the trap because you want to keep the beetle larvae in the trap! If you keep the sock moist it sould last a month. Check the trap after a couple of weeks to see what you caught and let me know how you do (e-mail me at email@example.com).
Bee Aware: Bayer Bee Care Tour
by Tim Tucker, ABF Vice President and ABF E-Buzz Editor
I recently had the opportunity to talk with Robyn Kneen, who is the manager of the Bee Care Program for Bayer, and discuss the initiative that is being founded by Bayer to promote bee health and to further the understanding of the important role bees play in our environment.
Bayer is launching its first national Bee Care Tour, which will foster education and collaboration among growers, beekeepers, researchers and others interested in honey bee health. The mobile Bee Care Tour is launching in Orlando, Florida, at the Ag Issues Forum and will travel to university agriculture schools and farm communities across Corn Belt states over the next three months. Tour stops will include: The Ohio State University in Wooster; University of Illinois in Urbana; Iowa State University in Ames; The University of Nebraska in Lincoln; and the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. At each location a specially-wrapped vehicle will bring an interactive exhibit, stewardship workshops and expert presentations on issues impacting bee health to communities that care about the health of bees. Additionally, attendees will have the opportunity to participate in Bayer's Pollinator Pledge, an initiative encouraging stakeholders to make pollinator health and stewardship a priority.
Bayer is working with growers to provide them with the best stewardship programs for good practices when planting seed or managing their crops. The Bayer stewardship campaign that will be launched this spring is Bee Care and "Care" stands for (C)ommunicate when planting with area beekeepers who may be affected; (A)wareness of wind speed and direction; (R)educe the risk of pollinators being present when planting; and (E)nsure that seed is planted correctly according to all label instructions.
|Through Bayer’s new Bee Care Centers in the U.S. and Europe, Bayer will further stakeholder collaboration and understanding of the health of bees.
The presentation stops will be an indoor event with a booth that will have various informational displays and interactive "beeosks," which will provide literature and brochures. It is an interactive display where people can get information and there will be various speakers on topics associated with honey bee health. Some of the local university researchers will be presenting and the research that Bayer is doing and the Bee Care Center will be featured as well. This new facility will be doing studies regarding the many factors affecting bee health, such as mites, diseases, nutrition genetics and pesticides. It will be completed later this year and will feature an apiary looking into items, such as IPM for beetles new varroacides and best management practices The research will partly be done at Bayer, but they will partner with other facilities and will have a variety of projects, such as the present one with North Carolina State University on small hive beetle control strategies.
Internally Bayer has done research on varroa control for 25 years and continues to look for new delivery methods to avoid or overcome resistance through rotation. Bayer is also working in cooperation with Project Apis m on a field tech station in Fresno where they are doing some forage plantings in almond areas in an attempt to improve bee forage after almonds have finished blooming.
Bee Active: Corn Dust Research Consortium Formed to Address Honey Bee Questions/Call for Research Proposals
The non-profit Pollinator Partnership (P2) recently announced the formation of the Corn Dust Research Consortium (CDRC), a multi-stakeholder initiative they are coordinating to invest research dollars in reducing honey bee exposure to dust emitted during planting of treated corn seeds. Pollinator Partnership is coordinating the Corn Dust Research Consortium and has invited stakeholders from crop protection, seed production, farm equipment, corn growing, beekeeping, academic, governmental, and conservation organizations to fund and oversee two proposed research projects to better understand ideas for mitigating risks to honey bees from exposure to planter-emitted dust during corn planting.
“It is truly rare to see this kind of large-scale collaboration between disparate stakeholders – each of whom shares equally in the supervision of the project,” said Executive Director Laurie Davies Adams, emphasizing her organization’s enthusiasm for the consortium approach to problem solving. “Public-private partnerships that seek practical solutions for cooperative conservation and commerce represent an improved model. Industry participants are to be commended for providing major funding while sharing responsibility and authority with all CDRC partners.”
Seed lubricant powders, such as talc and graphite that are commonly added to facilitate an even flow of seeds through the planter, can increase the total amount of dust inside the planter. Modern pneumatic planters, which use air pressure to deliver seeds precisely to the seed furrow, may exhaust this dust into the air, and the emitted particles may in turn be carried some distance downwind. Honey bees may potentially contact seed dust particles when the planter-emitted dust is airborne (i.e., if bees fly through the exhaust plume of a planter), or after deposition on vegetation or other surfaces.
Greater potential for exposure of honey bees seems likely for dust particles deposited on flowers that may be present along the perimeter of fields or even within the fields themselves in some cases (e.g., no-till fields containing flowering weeds or a cover crop). Dust particles on flowers may be available to visiting honey bees for a period of days over a broad area inside and downwind of planted fields. When honey bees visit these flowers, the particles may become attached to their body hairs and transported back to the hive in the same way that natural pollen grains are transported. Whether such exposures result in adverse effects is probably a function of (1) the chemical load of the dust deposits, (2) the intrinsic toxicity of the chemical, (3) the frequency that forager honey bees visit dusted flowers and (4) the degree to which dust particles act like pollen grains in their size, electrostatic activity, etc.
While the CDRC has identified a number of mitigation options, an immediate need for research is focusing on two projects being funded by CDRC.
The first research project is to develop a greater understanding of the use by bees of flowering cover crops and weeds in and around cornfields during spring planting season and how this is influenced by vegetation management practices. The ultimate goal is to develop recommendations for best management practices that growers can follow in order to minimize exposure of forager honey bees to seed dust while maintaining as much forage for honey bees as possible. Native bee communities may also be affected by exposure through forage, an issue not addressed in this research.
The second research project is to evaluate the effectiveness of a new seed lubricant product by measuring deposition levels of pesticide dust in and around fields when commercially available neonicotinoid-treated corn seed products are planted using this new product in comparison to standard lubricants (talc and graphite). The product, developed by Bayer CropScience, has already had some field research in other countries, but none in North America.
The CDRC has taken the following steps: (1) Invited stakeholders from disparate perspectives to contribute funding and share equally in the oversight responsibility; and (2) Ensured that final decisions on technical interpretation of the study findings and content of study reports, publications and presentations will be made by researchers. The research will be conducted in multiple locations during the 2013 corn seed planting season.
“Stakeholders in this consortium are putting aside any preconceived bias,” added Dr. David Inouye, a CDRC member representative. “I cannot think of any other instance in North America where this kind of cooperative venture has been attempted – we are working in an open and collaborative manner to bring sound science to best practice recommendations where corn planting and honey bee health interface."
The complete RFP can be found by clicking here. The research proposals are due Friday, March 1, 2013. The CDRC will evaluate the proposals. Funding decisions will be made by Friday, March 15, 2013.
Beekeeping Spotlight: Field Trip Introduces Conference Attendees to Long-Time ABF Members
by Tim Tucker, ABF Vice President and ABF E-Buzz Editor
|Shane Gebauer, Brushy Mountain general manager (left), chats with one of the field trip attendees.
For those attendees at the 2013 North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow who were not quite ready to call the conference week done, an off-site field trip was planned and well over 100 attendees participated. The trip included a morning stop at the New Columbia, Pennsylvania, branch operations of Brushy Mountain Bee Farm, where folks were treated to a tour of the retail shop and the bee hives in residence, as well as the back-end distribution capabilities. Several on the trip were also able to place in-person supply orders! Shane Gebauer, Brushy Mountain general manager, and his knowledgeable staff were extremely gracious hosts and made everyone feel welcome from the minute they stepped off the tour bus and into the front doors of this high functioning beekeeping supply business.
The lush rolling hills of Moravian Falls, North Carolina, are home to the headquarters of Brushy Mountain Bee Farm. Brushy Mountain was established by Steve and Sandy Forrest and opened for business in 1977. It began as a part-time business with the office and wood shop in the home of Steve and Sandy. In 1980 it grew into a full-time business that spread into an old barn that was on the property and a small, two-room house. A year later, a 200-year-old log cabin was moved from an adjacent property and attached to the two-room house to form the retail and storage facility for the business. The first warehouse was built in 1983 for storage and shipping and the offices were moved into the log cabin. As the business grew, more buildings were added and today it occupies over 30,000 square feet under one roof, with a woodshop, metal shop, sewing room and warehouse space.
Brushy Mountain continues to expand and provide products from coast to coast and beyond. Since 1998, the folks at Brushy Mountain maintain an online catalog, as well as an e-commerce site for the convenience of its customers.
Next up was a stop for a hearty buffet lunch at the local favorite, the Country Cupboard. The lunch break was the perfect way to continue networking before heading over to the last stop of the day, which was a visit to the beekeeping operations at Hackenberg Apiaries in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.
|Davey and Beth Hackenberg (left) and
Linda and David Hackenberg (right).
Hackenberg Apiaries is a well-organized facility that houses the most up-to-date extracting equipment, including some of the latest in the Cowan line, as well as specially designed areas for producing protein patties and processing wax. They sell tons of beeswax every year to people making candles and beauty products along the East Coast.
David Hackenberg started keeping bees in 1962 as a vo-ag project in high school, which means he's been busy in the business of beekeeping for over 50 years now. David and Linda Hackenberg have been married 42 years and have four children: Davey, who is in the bee business; Kevin, who owns and operates a film making company in Philadelphia; Jeanne, a high school math teacher; and Betsy, an accounts manager for a huge warehousing company. They are all married and have provided David and Linda with six grandchildren. You might recognize Davey and Beth in the picture here, as they are familiar faces each year at the ABF annual conference. In fact, this year Beth sold a record 27 books of raffle tickets. Thanks, Beth, for all of your help with the ABF's fundraising efforts! Davey is also a current ABF Board member representing the State Delegates assembly.
|Field trip attendees take a look at
the extracting equipment housed at Hackenberg Apiaries.
Linda has been involved with the ABF Auxiliary for years and served as its president in 1997 and 1998. David was ABF president in 1998 and 1999, and spent 12 years involved on the National Honey Board where he served on the board from 2000 to 2006. David is now busy serving the National Honey Bee Advisory Board (NHBAB) and has been involved with the organization since it started. He is currently a co-chairman of the NHBAB and is often in Washington trying to get the ear of our legislators, as well as the EPA, to begin helping our industry with all of the challenges we face today.
The Hackenbergs try to operate about 3,000+ colonies in summer months for pollination and honey production, usually doing approximately 7,000+ rentals a year, pollinating blueberries, cranberries, pumpkins and pickles. Before they experienced a devastating fire in 1994, they also ran a honey packing operation. You may also recognize David if you have seen the Vanishing of the Bees documentary, as he has been involved in the CCD malady affecting beekeepers throughout the world. He was really the first person to recognize the phenomena and bring it to the attention of the media back in 2007. He's been a regular in the media regarding this important issue.
Special thanks to Shane Gebauer, Brushy Mountain general manager, and his Pennsylvania crew for the warm hospitality on a chilly Sunday morning, as well as the entire Hackenberg family for sharing their backyard with us (yes, the facility is literally behind the home of David and Linda) and for helping to make the end of a great conference week so memorable.
Honey Queen Buzz: Hitting the Ground Running!
by Anna Kettlewell, American Honey Queen Program Chair
|Queen Caroline recently presented in sign language to 19 deaf and hard of hearing students at Southwest Middle School in Florida. She educated the students about honey bees and the products of the hive.
Queen Caroline and Princess Emily have hit the ground running on the 2013 promotional year. February marked the start of some fantastic promotional opportunities for the program, including several new events.
|Princess Emily recently promoted the honey industry at a Wegman's grocery store in New Jersey.
Queen Caroline made two major promotional trips in February. Her first trip was to Florida for the annual Florida State Fair, most notably to promote honey on Valentine's Day. In addition, Caroline utilized her skills and talents of sign language, presenting to deaf and hearing impaired students in schools in the Tampa area. Please consider contacting schools with these programs when she comes to visit your area. This is truly a unique opportunity for our industry this year. Caroline's last stop of the month was a trip to Virginia's eastern shore. Her visit was filled with local festival visits and school presentations. It was a great opportunity to reach a new market in Virginia during the sweet month of February.
Princess Emily kept quite busy as well in February, with multiple interviews in local media, including an interview with local papers in Minnesota and North Dakota. She also visited New Jersey for a variety of events, including the New Jersey Beekeepers Association's spring meeting, where she was a guest speaker about the Honey Queen Program. She also promoted honey in grocery stores and in schools during her stay. Emily has a keen interest in speaking with students in 4-H and FFA, and high school presentations are a great opportunity for her to reach these groups. Consider this when she comes to your state!
March and April will bring several new opportunities to the program. I encourage you to follow Caroline and Emily's travels on Facebook, their blog, or on YouTube. While early spring schedules are filling in nicely, we still have plenty of availability for them to visit your state in May and June, so contact me (414.545.5514 or firstname.lastname@example.org) about your upcoming fairs, festivals, farmers' markets, store promotions, and other events where the Honey Queen and Princess can assist!
Bee Updated: Latest and Greatest News from the National Honey Board
National Honey Board Funds New Honey Bee Research Projects Focusing on Honey Bee Health
The National Honey Board has approved funding for nine new research projects focusing on honey bee health. The Board's Research Committee, with input from a panel of experts, selected the projects from 23 proposals received from researchers around the world. The total dollar commitment for the nine projects is $165,685. In addition, the Board's 2013 budget includes $78,600 for ongoing bee research projects from prior years.
"The Board commits five percent of its assessment revenues to production research," said George Hansen, an Oregon honey producer and chairman of the committee. "We're pleased to be able to fund this research to help the industry with the challenges of maintaining the health of honey bees."
The nine new projects approved for funding in 2013 include:
- "How do gut microbial communities affect the quality of honey bee queens?," Dr. Heather Mattila, Wellesley College.
- "Evaluating the effects of pesticide exposures on Nosema Ceranae virus levels and immunity in honey bees," Dr. Brenna E. Traver, Virginia Tech.
- "Effects of agro-chemical residues in combs on commercial queen rearing," Dr. Jeffrey W. Harris, Mississippi State University.
- "Stimulating propolis collection to benefit honey bee health and immunity," Dr. Marla Spivak and Renata Borba, University of Minnesota.
- "Interactive effects of Nosema ssp. infection and chronic pesticide exposure on learning in foraging age honey bees, Apis mellifera," Dr. James D. Ellis, University of Florida.
- "Acaricide Tolerance by Diutinus and Non-Diutinus Workers," Lizette Dalgren, University of Nebraska - Lincoln.
- "Improving honey bee queen quality via nutritional and hormonal treatments," Dr. Ming H. Huang, North Carolina State University.
- "An integrated IPM program using non-chemical controls to manage parasites in honey bee colonies," Kathleen C. Evans, M.S. and Dr. Deborah A. Delaney, University of Delaware.
- "A decision support system for honeybee colony management," Dr. James L. Frazier, Pennsylvania State University.
All bee research projects funded by the National Honey Board are listed on the Board's website, www.honey.com. Visitors can click on the "Honey Industry" tab and then go to "Honey and Bee Research" for further information on completed and ongoing projects.
National Honey Board Offers Free Honey Brochures to Industry Members
The National Honey Board (NHB) recently announced that it has produced two new educational honey brochures for 2013 titled Honey – The Journey from Hive to Bottle and Honey – Discover the Versatility.
Honey – The Journey from Hive to Bottle is a four-page, accordion-style brochure that takes the reader through the journey of honey production, beginning with the humble honey bees. Topics include pollination, honey extraction, honey varietals and honey's versatility, among many others. This brochure is beautiful and makes the learning process both fun and informative. Honey – Discover the Versatility is a six-page, staple-bound brochure that celebrates honey's versatility both inside and outside the kitchen. In addition to highlighting honey as an all-natural ingredient, this brochure features recipes to showcase honey as an energy booster, natural cough suppressant and beauty aid. It also informs readers about honey substitution and honey's functionality when used as a culinary ingredient.
"We are pleased to offer both of these new brochures to the honey industry," said Bruce Boynton, NHB CEO. "The brochures are a continuation of our effort to provide materials to the industry to help promote honey. With colorful images and lots of useful information, each brochure is attractive and showcases the journey of honey, from hive to bottle, as well as its versatility."
The new complimentary brochures are available in limited quantities. To order, please contact Andrea Brening, the National Honey Board's fulfillment coordinator at 800.553.7162.
Last month's riddle master was ABF member Kevin Shanahan. Below is the answer:
Riddle: I am an insect found all over the world and in my name you will find another insect also found all over the world. What am I?
So, here's another riddle for you to wrestle with. Think you know the answer? The first to e-mail Tim Tucker at email@example.com will lay claim to another fun ABF prize.
You can take four of the five letters out of this word, but the pronunciation never changes. What is the word?
Buzzmakers: Latest and Greatest Beekeeping Industry News
- Five individuals and two domestic honey-processing companies have been charged with federal crimes in connection with a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI)-led investigation surrounding illegal importations of honey from China. Read the full story at http://www.ice.gov/news/releases/1302/130220chicago.htm.
- Since last September there have been five decisions rendered in five separate class actions over whether labeling honey as honey is fraudulent, misleading, and misbranded. Status of the suits can be found at http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=52ca31b3-0ea8-4d9d-a61d-96b71fc09cc5.
- According to apiculturist Eric Mussen of the University Of California Davis Department of Entomology, there might not be enough honey bees to pollinate California’s 800,000 acres of almonds this year. Learn why this is the case at http://www.beyondpesticides.org/dailynewsblog/?p=9602.
- Almond growers are reportedly paying record prices amid the bee shortage – anywhere from $200 to $225 per hive. Read more at http://www.bakersfieldcalifornian.com/business/x837005190/Almond-growers-pay-record-prices-amid-bee-shortage.
- Rapidly expanding almond acreage coupled with a static or diminishing supply of bees is causing the almond industry to confront a major math problem: can growers get by with less colonies per acre? Read more at http://projectapism.org/content/view/208/27/.
- Recently, Europe’s food safety watchdog, the European Food Safety Authority (ESFA), issued a declaration that three specific common pesticides pose an acute risk to honey bees. Now the European Commission has proposed a two-year ban on these pesticides, which could be ratified as early as this month. It would require a majority vote by EU member states; if it passes, the restrictions will take effect in late spring. Discover more at http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-02-19/to-revive-honey-bees-europe-proposes-a-pesticide-ban.
- While honey bee populations dwindle across the globe, Penn State researchers aim to use communication technologies to spread revolutionary beekeeping techniques that will help offset the effects of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Learn how they are accomplishing this at http://westernfarmpress.com/management/social-media-buzzing-over-breeding-super-queen-bees.
- The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation has filed a petition with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service seeking Endangered Species Act protection for the rusty patched bumble bee, which has recently undergone a precipitous decline. Read more at http://www.xerces.org/2013/01/29/rusty-patched-threatened/.
- The call for papers is now open for the Scientific Conference that is going to take place during Apimondia Congress 2013 in held in Kyiv, Ukraine, during September 29 to October 4. Discover how you can submit a presentation for consideration at http://apimondia2013.org.ua/en/scientific-program/recommended-subjects.html.
ABF Welcomes New Members — January 2013
The ABF welcomed so many new members in the month of January 2013 (133, to be exact), that we couldn't fit all of their names into this space in this issue of ABF E-Buzz! Please click here to view the full list.
Recipe of the Month: Oatmeal-Honey Waffles
Source: Southern Living
by Grayson Daniels, ABF Membership Coordinator
Making a big, hearty breakfast is a great way to kick off the day. Waffles are a classic breakfast choice and adding honey and oatmeal to them only makes them better!
- 1 cup uncooked regular oats
- 1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 2 large eggs, separated
- 1 1/2 cups 1% low-fat milk
- 4 tablespoons melted butter
- 2 tablespoons honey
- Toppings: butter, maple syrup, honey
- Preheat oven to 350°. Bake oats in a single layer in a shallow pan 10 minutes or until lightly toasted, stirring after 5 minutes. Let cool on a wire rack 10 minutes. Process oats in a blender or food processor 30 seconds or until finely ground.
- Sift together flour, baking powder and salt in a large bowl; stir in ground oats.
- Beat egg whites at high speed with an electric mixer until soft peaks form.
- Whisk together egg yolks, milk, butter and honey in a medium bowl; gently stir into oat mixture. Gently fold in egg whites just until blended.
- Cook batter in a preheated, oiled waffle iron until golden. Serve each waffle with butter, maple syrup or honey.